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Unformatted text preview: Psychology notes for test 1. Parenting: Giant Eagle scenario- screaming child who wants sweets. Conditioning: if give in then child will perform act more commonly. Conversation- take away something fun if they dont stop- must be very consistent. Hitting? Less common now. Education: Assessment testing in school- teachers only teach for those tests. If better school then more funding, but real problem is the low-funded schools who perform poorly and get even less funding to solve those problems. Best teachers are those who increase curiosity. Growth: Changes between ages. Continuous or discontinuous? Do adults have control over how their kids grow up: depends on culture, personality, physical, attentiveness History of Child Psychology M iddle ages : paintings depict as small adults, little special care, adults at age 8/9 years old. Philip Aries: Centuries of Childhood only given food and shelter for survival before reaching age of maturity only information was on the upper class. Diary of Louis 13 th : written by physician, gambling, adultery, hunting, no child abuse rules Why so harsh? Parents had no emotional investment in their children because most died before age of 5. Economic harshness- was just another mouth to feed and couldnt work for family. Beg difference between having girl and boy. Male could be used in fields, girl used for cleaning and cooking. Only need one girl so all others after were killed off. Rural china now: taxes and killings of young children for same reasons. Original sin- babies are born sinful, it is parents job to discipline them harshly. Compte to Marle was dropped between two windows when nurse and man were tossing him for fun. Renaissance : CHANGE: church fell out of favor so idea of original sin decreased. In the middle classes, children were sign of wealth and success- continues til birth control in 1960. Enlightenment : scientific reasoning and interest in learning. Emile by Rousseau is the first book describing child development (1700s). 0-2: should naturally be allowed to grow. 2-12: need to guide interaction, prevent harm, but no formal education, still about curiosity. 12-15: develop new physical and mental strengths, full of changes. 15-20: formal education. Review by archbishop of Paris: 1762. Warned good Christians against Emile teachings. Want people to continue following rules of the church 1800s- society wants studies of children. Da rwin- A Biographical sketch of an infant- studies own son and his emotional development. " ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny "- embryonic development follows same path as species development. Binet- develop IQ test in 1904- test for maximum learning potential. Child rearing is still very harsh during this century. Many teachers used hitting and parents used fear of monsters....
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- Spring '10