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Unformatted text preview: Sanders 1 Megan Sanders HA &A Realism and Impressionism Final 1. After the reign of Louis Philippe in France through 1848, Louis Napoleon ran for Prime Minister on the platform that he would help the poor workers in regards to their health and welfare. After being elected and deciding to avoid the legislature by self-proclaiming himself as Emperor, these promises fell through, and he did very little for anyone except the upper class. His main focus was working with architect Baron Haussmann to help rebuild Paris into a beautiful, modern city. Due to this real estate burst, Napoleon I I I increased his own personal wealth and his influence in the French economy. After serious destruction had been done, the Prussian army invaded in 1870 and threatened to destroy Paris if they were not given a large sum of money. Napoleon I I I was thrown out of office shortly after. The policies behind Napoleon I I I were hardly mentioned during the rise of Impressionism, however, his results were a founding feature in this new artwork. The new modern city of Paris that had been constructed was the perfect backdrop for a young, developing artist. The city allowed for enjoying life at cafes and parks, which gave artists time to observe the world around them, and thus be inspired to create a representation of this new beauty. Sanders 2 2. During the reign on Napoleon I I I, many artists felt the need to display their version of ‘modernity’ that was happening around them. Writer Baudelaire’s book, The Flowers of Evil, was banned due to the prominence of sexuality, desire, and lust. The author was particularly interested in the Bohemian lifestyle involving countless drugs and prostitutes. In many of his articles, he challenged painters to portray how society was changing, and to do so with a medium that evokes this feeling as well. This is what influenced artists to change their ways to fast brush strokes, small touches, and no outlines. One of the first artists to accept this challenge was Courbet who was well liked at first by Baudelaire. Courbet was born into an upper class family but decided against following the family tradition. Instead, he attended art school at the academy but was not well-liked by his teachers. As fame was his only desire, he became influential in the Realist movement with his painting “The Stonebreakers”. This shows a father and son apprenticeship, however, the figures seem awkward within the background. Many of his subjects were painted disproportionally which was meant to parallel how he felt the Academy painted. Courbet’s work commonly had a child-like feeling, as though an amateur painter were displaying these paintings. His rough technique followed the theme of folk art more than Realist artwork. Courbet believed these to be more pure and real, thus further from the Academy....
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2011 for the course HAA 0420 taught by Professor Sheon during the Spring '10 term at Pittsburgh.
- Spring '10