Soc 304 Exam 3 Notes

Soc 304 Exam 3 Notes - Material and Nonmaterial Social...

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1/27/11 Material and Nonmaterial Social Facts Material social fact-architecture; laws; forms of technology; those things that are directly observable Non-material social fact-the bulk of Durkheim’s work focuses on this type of social fact. He says that although non-material
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1/27/11 Why Language is a social fact Language is also a social fact. How so? it is external to the individual- although we use it, we didn’t create it. It doesn’t emanate from our beings
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1/27/11 4 types of nonmaterial sf Morality- Morality is a social fact because it can be studied scientifically, is external to and coercive of the person He believed that morality led to greater freedom because it released the individual from the urge to continually seek self-gratification
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1/27/11 4 types of nonmaterial sf Collective conscience-totality of people’s beliefs, thoughts, and feelings; shared understandings, norms, and beliefs Rooted in society and not the individual; strengthened through interaction and socialization
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1/27/11 4 types of nonmaterial sf --Collective representations- representations of ideas; Some examples include religious symbols, myths and legends; Representations reflect the norms, values, and beliefs For example, Uncle Sam might reflect the government, THE MAN, etc.
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1/27/11 4 types of nonmaterial sf Social Currents-great waves of emotion, certain ideas driven by these emotions, that are produced in large gatherings; sets of meanings shared by groups Subject to change quickly Interaction is key to society being subject to social currents
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1/27/11 Mechanical Solidarity These two types reflect how society is held together, how it remains cohesive. Mechanical solidarity-
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Soc 304 Exam 3 Notes - Material and Nonmaterial Social...

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