Soc 304 Final Study Guide

Soc 304 Final Study - 1 Nomothetic positivists believe history was composed of nomothetic(general laws Ex Making generalizations about social

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1. Nomothetic: positivists believe history was composed of nomothetic (general) laws. Ex. Making generalizations about social revolutions 2. Idiographic: subjectivists believed history could be reduced to individual (idiographic event) 3. Causality: the probability that an event will be followed by or accompanied by another event. 4. 4 Varieties of Ideal Types Historical General Sociological- cut across historical periods Rational Affectual 5. Weber’s Definitions of Sociology a. It should be a science b. Concerned with causality c. Utilizes interpretive understating or social action 6. Action 4 Types a. Mean-end rationality: rational action-based upon obtaining the appropriate means to a rationally pursued and calculated end. b. Value rationality: rational action: based upon actual values, specifically of ethical, aesthetic behavior c. Affectual Action: determined by the emotions of the actor d. Traditional: motivated by Habit 7. Class, Status, Party Class: not a community; share common life chances specifically in the form of similar market situation, economic situation Status: bases upon social esteem, refers to communities; tied to style of life; honor Party: political order; structures struggling for domination 8. Domination: probability that commands will be obeyed by a given group of people
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9. Legitament: authority Illegitament: coercion 10. Characteristics of the Ideal-Typical Bureaucracy (7) a. Continuous organization of official functions bound by roles b. Hierarchical offices c. Staff does not own means of production; provided with materials to do their jobs d. Social esteem e. Social convention f. Rank basis as salary g. Fixed career lines 11. Types of Traditional Authority a. Gerontocracy: rule by elders b. Primary Patriacrhalism: leaders inherit their positions Followers see leaders as charismatic 12. Rationality 4 types a. Practical: life is approached pragmatically dealing with its realities and problems b. Theoretical: cognitive effort to master reality through abstract concepts as opposed to action c. Substantive: value matters selection of means to end according to a particular set of values d. Formal: means end- meeting a give end by the most efficient, calculable predictable means 13. Characteristics of Formal Rationality a. Calculability: emphasis on quantity, not quality; ex fast food restaurants b. Efficiency: find the best means to a given end: not “best” in terms of specific values
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2011 for the course SOC 304 taught by Professor Grey during the Fall '10 term at Kentucky.

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Soc 304 Final Study - 1 Nomothetic positivists believe history was composed of nomothetic(general laws Ex Making generalizations about social

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