MU 120 � Final Exam Notes

MU 120 � Final Exam Notes - MU 120 Final Exam Notes...

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Unformatted text preview: MU 120 Final Exam Notes 02/12/2010 17:42:00 The Classical Style ()A Characteristics of Classical Style o Contrast of Mood Will fluctuate in mood Contrasting themes o Rhythm Unexpected pauses, syncopations and frequent changes o Texture Mostly homophonic Flexible; changes it up (polyphony, heterophony etc.) o Melody Easy to remember Sound balanced, symmetrical Made up of two phrases of the same length o Dynamics and the Piano Crescendos and decrescendos Piano replaced harpsichord o The End of the Basso Continuo Gradually abandoned More music written for amateurs, couldnt master the difficult art of improvising from a figured bass ()B The Classical Orchestra o 4 Sections strings (violins, violas, cellos, double basses) woodwinds (flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons) brass (French horns, trumpets) percussion (timpani) o More musicians o Variety Each section wouldnt play the same melody as another o Sections had specific roles Strings most important Woodwinds added contrasting tone colors and often give melodic solos Horns and Trumpets power to loud passages and filled out the harmony Timpani rhythmic bite and emphasis ()CClassical Forms o 4 Movements fast movement slow movement dance-related movement fast movement Classical symphonies and string quartets have all 4 Classical sonatas (2, 3 or 4) o Symphony Written for an orchestra o string quartet for two violins, viola, and cello o sonata one or two instruments o Characteristics of the Classical Form Contrast themes vividly 2, 3 ,4 or even more themes of different character contrasting themes differs from Baroque brief pause = new theme larger sections balance each other in a symmetrical way Composer, Patron, and Public in the Classical Period ()A Joseph Haydn o Content spending most of his life serving a wealthy aristocratic family o Warned to refrain from vulgarity in eating, drinking, and conversation o Slow and steady career (29 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart o 24 years younger than Haydn o child prodigy o went to Vienna o first freelance musician...
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MU 120 � Final Exam Notes - MU 120 Final Exam Notes...

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