2 Sexologists_and_Research_revised_for_presentation0207[1]

2 Sexologists_and_Research_revised_for_presentation0207[1]...

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The Study of Sexology The Study of Sexology
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Richard von Krafft-Ebing (1840-1902) German psychiatrist focus- abnormal sexuality/sexual deviance Collected case histories of ‘pathological’ indiv & wrote Psychopathia Sexualis- but not very tolerant nor objective Introduced terms such as fetishism, masochism, sadism Believed homosexuality caused by masturbation or debauchery, but most often due to degenerate heredity Parents who partake in too much alcohol, opium, tobacco permanently damage heredity; children will suffer consequences Focused on problems, but never solutions Ellis and Freud wrote major criticisms of book Krafft-Ebing recanted himself a year before his death
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Sigmund Freud (1846-1939) Viennese physician; Founder of psychoanalytic theory Influential among American sexologists, criticized for lack of data and biases against women In the field of sex research, his work is now primarily of historical interest He worked during Victorian era – its remarkable he was able to say what he did in such repressive and rigid times Felt that sexuality was CENTRAL to
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Sigmund Freud (1846-1939) Psychosexual stages
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Henry Havelock Ellis (1859-1939) Victorian English physician (collected data about sex not judgments) Wrote Studies in the Psychology of Sex (1896), based on medical studies, case histories, research 1st vol banned- bookseller tried on obscenity charges Suggested homosexuality innate/biological Suggested masturbation as means of mental relaxation 1st to discuss erogenous zones Suggested that sex should be pleasurable for both partners Urged people to be more tolerant of “sexual deviations,” as he believed they were harmless
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Clelia Duel Mosher (1863-1940) American Physician interviewed 47 married well-educated women from 1900- 1920. Earliest known survey of women’s sexuality Wasn’t published until 1980! She found that women desired intercourse and experienced orgasm fairly frequently. About 2/3rd had used contraception MA Thesis- identified reasons for severe menstrual pains
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Clelia Duel Mosher (1863-1940) 1908 1922
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Magnus Hirschfeld (1868-1935) German physician considered “founder of scientific sexology” 1908, published 1st Journal for Sexology 1913, he co-founded 1 st sexological organization Hirschfeld believed a better scientific understanding of homosexuality would eliminate hostility toward homosexuals.
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Magnus Hirschfeld (1868-1935) 1st research center - the Institute for Sexual Science in Berlin (1919) Offered tx for sex-related problems such as infertility and STDs. Had lectures for professionals/info sessions for general public.
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Magnus Hirschfeld (1868-1935) Conducted 1 st large scale sex survey on 10,000 people 1 st to distinguish btw homosexuality & transvestism (he was both) Most of his data destroyed when the Nazis burned the Institute and all materials
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Magnus Hirschfeld (1868-1935) Nazi raid on Institute
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2 Sexologists_and_Research_revised_for_presentation0207[1]...

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