Soc 344 Marriage, Health and Happiness

Soc 344 Marriage, Health and Happiness - SOC 344 Click to...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style SOC 344 MARRIAGE: Health, Happiness, Communication, and Conflict
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Click to edit Master subtitle style HEALTH
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The Health Benefits of Marriage Married people are generally healthier and happier than those who are single, divorced, or widowed. Married people have lower rates of heart disease, cancer, stroke, pneumonia, tuberculosis, cirrhosis of the liver, and syphilis. They attempt suicide less frequently and have fewer automobile accidents than singles. Married people are less likely to suffer from depression, anxiety, and other forms of psychological distress. Married people are also less likely to say they are sick, to be disabled, to visit the doctor, or to be hospitalized than unmarried people.
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Explanations The "Selection Effect”: Healthy people are attracted to other healthy people and are more desirable marriage partners. Fit and healthy people are more likely to find and keep mates than those who have higher illness rates. In contrast, sick people tend to marry other sick people. The "Protection Effect”: Enjoying emotional, social, and physical support from a spouse improves one's general health and longevity. The feeling of security that such support brings may reduce anxiety and prevent or lessen depression. The protection effect may also reduce risky activities and encourage healthy behaviors. When one partner becomes ill, the physical and emotional support a spouse provides during recuperation after surgery or other medical treatment can help speed recovery.
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Poor Women : Whether married or not, poor women — especially women of ethnic minorities or those living in rural communities—are often less healthy than their middle-class counterparts. Minority men : Regardless of marital status, minority men especially American Indians and African Americans at the lower end of the social class ladder—suffer from more health problems than their white counterparts.
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Click to edit Master subtitle style HAPPINESS
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Are Married Couples Happy?
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U-shaped Curve ; A number of studies have found a U- shaped curve in marital satisfaction over the life cycle. Initially, romantic love produces a high degree of excitement and attraction in marriage. Marital satisfaction decreases because of the strain caused by family life-cycle events, especially those related to duration of marriage, communication, and having and raising children. When the children grow up and leave home, marriage
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2011 for the course SOC 344 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Soc 344 Marriage, Health and Happiness - SOC 344 Click to...

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