Women and Work Lecture4-1

Women and Work Lecture4-1 - Families and Work...

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Families and Work Gender Inequalities at Home  and in the Workplace Laura Hirshfield University of Michigan Fall 2008
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Why Study Work in this Class? Income constrains a lot of the choices  that families make, affects parents’ ability  to care for their children, and is one of the  most common sources of conflict in  marriages. The desire or need for more income also  affects women’s choice about whether  to  work outside the home, which further  impacts family dynamics
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Conflict # 1 Balancing Work and Family In 2000, 55% of mothers with children <1  year old were in the labor force Down from 58% in 1998, but up from 31% in 1976 Proportion of working mothers highest among African  Americans; lowest among Latino families At work, you think of the children you have left at home.  At home, you think of the work you've left unfinished.  Such a struggle is unleashed within yourself. Your heart  is rent.  -Golda Meir
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Do Men Experience This Conflict Too? It’s hard to say; men are, at the very  least, much less likely to express this  concern Then again, this could be due to  gender differences in both  expectations and emotional disclosure I have yet to hear a man ask for advice on how to  combine marriage and a career.    -Gloria Steinem
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Children’s Well-being Even though balancing careers and families is  stressful, most kids think their parents are doing  a pretty good job Galinsky (1999) asked kids to “grade” their parents on  “making me feel important and loved” “Grades” given were fairly comparable for mothers  and fathers    72%  gave their  moms  an A  versus   67%  gave their  dads  an A
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There’s No Place Like Home? Because dual income parents face such a “time crunch,” often  neither home nor work is a particularly relaxing space.  But  which is more of a “haven” from life’s stresses for dual-income  parents? Home In a study spanning several decades (1973-1994), men and  women who find home a haven increased (32 to 40%) and  those who find work to be a sanctuary decreased (16 to 11%)  (Kiecolt, 2003). Work Conversely, Hochschild (1998) found that women especially  were discovering that work could be an escape from the  pressures of home Mid pleasures and palaces though we may roam, Be it ever so humble, there's no place like home.  John Howard Payne (1791 - 1852) 
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Does your job pay enough to offset daycare? Often, daycare is so expensive that mothers’ (or 
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Women and Work Lecture4-1 - Families and Work...

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