Ch 20 PPT - What about the Girls? Gender, Delinquency, and...

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What about the Girls? Gender, Delinquency, and Juvenile Justice in the 21st Century Chapter 20
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Overview Girls and Juvenile Justice: A Legacy of Sexism Modern Juvenile Justice: Girls Inside and Outside the System The Pathways Perspective to Girls’ Delinquency Girls’ Violence: A Critical Examination Girl’s Aggression and Violence Relabeling Status Offenses Issues in Working with the Girls and Promising Programs Girls in the Intervention Setting Promising Programs for Girls
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Introduction Traditional research on delinquency Mostly male Gender is rarely explicitly examined Growing body of female delinquency research and analysis
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Girls and Juvenile Justice: A Legacy of Sexism In the early years Adolescents were viewed as “little adults” During the Child Savers Movement Wayward girl In Honolulu in 1929, over half of the girls were referred to the court for immorality The first juvenile court defined a girl as delinquent if they were beyond parent control, had associations with immoral person, attended pool halls or saloons, or had indecent language
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Girls and Juvenile Justice: A Legacy of Sexism Judges institutionalized girls more frequently than boys for sexual immorality “More dangerous” Nearly all girls who had sex with more than one partner were institutionalized Nearly 70% of them were victims of incest 1940 in Los Angeles Primarily referred for status offenses, half of which were for “sexual misconduct”
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Girls and Juvenile Justice: A Legacy of Sexism 1970s Girls were committed to training school for “their own protection” from becoming pregnant Late 1970s JJDP Act Divert status offenders Recent years, mid-1990s Seen a steady increase in girls’ arrests
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Modern Juvenile Justice: Girls Inside and Outside the System Majority of arrests continue to be status
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Ch 20 PPT - What about the Girls? Gender, Delinquency, and...

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