JOB DESIGN 2009 (student)

JOB DESIGN 2009 (student) - THREE TYPES OF JOB (or WORK...

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THREE TYPES OF JOB (or WORK UNIT) DESIGN** (Chris Berger, 2009) 1. INDIVIDUAL SIMPLE (Scientific Management or Mechanistic) Few, simple tasks Knowledge, Skill and Ability in technology or management Tasks as independent as possible (interdependence managed by specialists/hierarchy Minimize Physical, Physiological and Information Processing Demands Low skill requirements minimize selection and training (why?) Low skill requirements minimize compensation Wage or salary Employee benefits MINIMIZE UNIT LABOR COSTS (How?) This job design often used when technology is ____________________ and firm is Competing on the basis of price
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2. INDIVIDUAL COMPLEX (Individual Job Enrichment or Motivational) Increase "core job characteristics " Autonomy : Control over Performance Feedback from Task Identity: Doing or understanding Task Significance : Contribution to Modest interdependence (managed by Increases KSA requirements substantially compared to Individual simple (or Mechanistic) Selection Training Career Development Increases compensation:
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JOB DESIGN 2009 (student) - THREE TYPES OF JOB (or WORK...

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