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Unformatted text preview: ANTHROPOLOGY STUDY GUIDE- 50 multiple choice TEST (WHAT TO STUDY):- 9 lectures- know everything on the review sheet- focus most strongly on places where lecture notes overlaps with ethnographies festival format-diversity, boots are presented structured limited, presentation of cultural difference via specific cultural traits- food, religion, asthetic, clothing. We insist everyone talk about different forms of their own culture so we can be different, but can also be the same. Marked group in the us, you’re an example of diversity.- difference between race and ethnicitiy- nature is to culture as ascribed status is to achieved status and race is to ethnicity. Race is something that we imagine is based in nature and in biology, even if it is not actually based on inherent biological differences. Ethnicity is more cultural or something a group of people share, sharing certain experiences. They overlap.- Races are not the same cross culturally- brazil has racial categories being more fluid- Ethnicity- polish American, polish in Poland would be more of a nationality- Hominins- includes everything after its split from chimps- Phenotypic adaptation- face tan because your skin tans when its sunny outside and that’s an adaptation to being in a sunny climate, you can only see it, its not your genes changing- Hominids- includes chimps, apes, gorillas related to humans- Style shifting- changes you accent/voice- Punctuated equilibrium- patterns that you see today are based on small intervals of change over periods of time, amount of time can vary, however in some cases, changes in environment or technology or cultural capacity would have sped up selective pressure, and there can be very rapid change . WEEK 5- Evolution and Genetics • Creationism- • Catastrophism- • Evolutionism- • Uniformitarianism • Darwin • Mendel • Evolution • Natral selection • Population Genetics • Gene • Allele • Dominant allel • Recessive allele • Heterozygous • Homozygous • Genotype • Phenotype • Independent assortment • Gene pool • Mechanisms of evolution • Natural selection o Sexual selection o Balanced polymorphism • Mutation • Random genetic drift • Gene flow • Thomson’s nose rule • Bergmann’s rule • Allen’s rule • Species • Speciation • Punctuated equilibrium • Macroevolution • Microevolution WEEK 5- PRIMATES • Taxonomy, page 171 • Know hominins!* o Splitters- those who stress diversity and divergence o Lumpers- focus on similarities • Homologies • Analogies • Convergent evolution Primate tendencies • Grasping ability- primates have five digited feet and hands- many other primates now have opposable thumbs to help with climbing • Reliance of sight over smell- monkeys, apes, humans- stereoscopic portion of the brain devoted to devoted to vision expanded, while the area connected to smell shrank • Reliance on hand over nose- tactile organs- help convey touch, main touch organ is the hand and the sensitive pads on the fingerprint region as opposed to the whiskers on the nose •...
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2011 for the course ANTHROCUL 101 taught by Professor Peters-golden during the Fall '10 term at University of Michigan.
- Fall '10