KNES370 copy

KNES370 copy - KNES370 8/30/10 Why study Motor Development?...

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KNES370 8/30/10 Why study Motor Development? -to understand human development and cognitive behavior -domains of human behavior: motor, affective, cognitive* -cognitive: intellectual behavior -decision making, language, numeric reasoning, information processing -affective: social and emotional behavior -play, “emotional physiology” -motor: behaviors involving body movement -posture, walking, reaching, biomechanics, skill learning -the movement sciences: study of the factors that bring about change and stability in motor behavior -motor development (KNES370) -motor learning (KNES385) -motor control (KNES385) -motor development focuses on motor skill development across the lifespan,the processes that underlie this development and the factors that influence it 9/1/10 What is motor development? -development: the gradual progression from a simple to a later and more complex form change * REMEMBER CHANGE WILL BE ON TEST -motor development: the study of human motor behavior changes across the life span -phenomenon: the sequential, continuous and age-related process whereby movement behavior changes -field of study: lifespan study of changes in motor behavior/the processes that underlie these changes and correlates of these changes Fundamental Concepts: -growth: the process of an individual organism growing organically; quantitative, structure -maturation: process of becoming mature; timing of the progress toward biological maturity qualitative, function NEVER EXPLAIN MOTOR DEVELOPMENT BY JUST MATURATION THE BEHAVIOR IS PART OF A MORE COMPLEX PROCESS YOU MUST EXPLAIN IT BY BOTH Definitions: -learning: process of bringing about relatively permanent changes in behavior through specific practice and/or experience test 1(pretest) / practice / test 2 (post test) / retention -adaptation: a change in structure, function, or form as a result of changes in the demands made within a given environment (internal or external) ex: learning to ride a bike and than adapting to new terrains / learning to drive and than adapting to a new car BY LEARNING YOUR BODY WILL ADAPT TO NEW SITUATIONS
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-stage: identify a specific time in a persons life (learning to crawl) transitivity: invariant order of progression from stage to stage universality: all people pass through all stages stability: there is a pervalence of a set of 'typical' behaviors (cognitive and motor) qualitatively unique: the form of the individual 'looks different' than the stages immediately before and after -period: identify a general time in a persons life that can be characterized by typical behavioral and developmental patterns or goals (childhood / adulthood) The Goal of Human Development: -to be an adaptive, autonomous actor within the external environment Motor Skillfulness: -voluntary -efficient -physiological -psychological -mechanical -adaptive -consistent Skill: -NOT a monolithic entity: skill is NOT a single stage, it is on a continuum unskilled – beginner - intermediate – competent – proficient – expert ← Time →
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2011 for the course KNES 370 taught by Professor Levit during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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KNES370 copy - KNES370 8/30/10 Why study Motor Development?...

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