Lab 11 Student Notes

Lab 11 Student Notes - Lab 11 Anatomy of the Urinary System...

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Lab 11 Anatomy of the Urinary System Exercise 40 A. Gross Anatomy of the Human Urinary System 1. Urinary System Organs a. Kidneys b. Renal Arteries and Veins c. Ureters d. Urethra B. Functional Microscopic Anatomy of the Kidney and Bladder 1. Kidney a. External Anatomy 1) Renal Capsule 2) Hilus b. Internal Anatomy 1) Cortex Renal Columns 2) Medulla Medullary Pyramids Renal Papilla 3) Pelvis Major Calyces (2-3) Minor Calyces (8-18) 4) Nephron (2,400,000) - cortical nephrons (most) - juxtamedullary nephrons a) Glomerulus Renal Corpuscle b) Bowman’s Capsule - parietal (simple squamous) - visceral (podocytes with long branching processes called foot processes) c) Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT) d) Loop of Henle e) Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT) f) Collecting Duct c. Blood Flow Through the Kidney
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Renal artery --- segmental arteries --- ( lobar arteries) ---interlobar arteries --- arcuate arteries --- interlobular arteries (cortical radiate arteries)---- afferent arterioles --- glomerulus --- efferent arterioles --- peritubular capillaries (and associated vasa recta
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Lab 11 Student Notes - Lab 11 Anatomy of the Urinary System...

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