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` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` C h a p t e r 1 3 : W e a p o n s a n d T h e i 2
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r C o n s e q u e n c e * Human ingenuity hasn’t always been devoted to what makes life better. -- Talents were used to find ways of wreaking havoc on other humans. This is the dark side of human progress. * Military technology in ancient times -- Technology development was mostly for martial purposes: bronze and iron was utilized. -- A powerful bow – it was laminated with sinew on one side and horn on the other. -- Archers shot from chariots; they had great mobility. The armies of Assyria and Persia dominated their neighbors because of this. = Chariots worked well on broad, flat plains, but not in hilly or mountainous areas. = Horses had to be fed – long supply lines were needed or soldiers had to forage. -- Ancient Greeks relied on the Hoplite (armor, etc.) = They used the Phalanx, a mass formation of infantrymen at least 8 rows deep. Shield protected; spears projected from the first three rows – frightening. = Discipline and cohesion won the day! -- Romans : more mobility, displayed men in units of 120 men. = DISCIPLINE, SUPERIOR TACTICS AND COORDINATION. = Drilled exhaustively. Officer class: Centurians = Siege machinery: catapults were used in the 4 th century B.C. = The word “engineer” comes from the Latin word “ingenium,” an ingenious device used for siege warfare.
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