1332 Final Exam Review

1332 Final Exam Review - Comm 1332 Comprehensive Exam...

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Comm 1332 Comprehensive Exam Review To thoroughly prepare for your exam, the following review process is recommended: 1. Review lecture notes and powerpoint files for each chapter (copies on webct). 2. Practice OUTLINING (coordinating and subordinating : framing main point/subpoint/sub- subpoint information). 3. Finally, specific knowledge of the following will prove useful: 1. The 3 purposes of public speaking : Persuasive, Ceremonial, and Informative 2. The 9 elements that affect public speaking : Speaker, Medium, Message, Setting, Purpose, Listener, Response, Interference, and Consequences. 3. The different phases of listening: discriminative : Hearing … automatic (involuntary), & Detection of sounds , comprehensive : Voluntary, with finding the meaning for sounds; focusing on message; understanding verbal & nonverbal; interpreting within frame of listener’s knowledge, experience, empathic : “heart” of listening; Encourages speakers by suspending judgment, critical: Listeners analyze/evaluate content; inspect reasoning; weigh evidence: relevant, representative, recent, and reliable ( with multiple, independent sources with expert credentials); Distinguish between fact, inference, and opinion. appreciative : Aesthetic phase; Responds to beauty of message, speaker’s eloquence; Relevant to ceremonial speaking, constructive : Goes beyond critical listening; Searches for value message may have for listeners’ lives; Listeners extend meaning, participate in the construction of meaning . 4. Disruptions to speech process (interference): know what the external barriers are to listening : Physical noise, message problems : confusing language, jargon, poor organization, presentation problems : nonverbal effects and what the internal barriers are to listening: Inattentiveness : “vacation”, personal needs/concerns; Bad habits : feigning attention; Receiver apprehension; Trigger words : positive (values and traditions) and negative (sex, ethnicity, religion); Attitudes : biases block comprehension which are the greater barriers (internal or external)? Internal 5. Criteria for evaluating speeches (five general considerations : 1) commitment, 2) adaptation, 3) purpose , 4) freshness, 5) ethnics. Plus what three specific criteria: 1) Substance – worthwhile message. 2) Structure – clear, orderly design, 3) Presentation simple, direct, concrete language; natural, enthusiastic, responsive delivery. 6. The four elements of audience dynamics – know each : motivations : Our needs and wants; Explains why people behave the way we do; People will listen, learn, and remember a message only if relates to their needs, wants, or wishes, attitudes : feelings, likes/dislikes, beliefs : what we know or THINK we know about someone/something and values : what we regard as an ideal state of being, what’s proper; influence attitudes and beliefs. Plus be able to distinguish between attitudes, beliefs and values : Attitudes are based on feelings, beliefs
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2011 for the course COMM 1332 taught by Professor Bridges during the Spring '08 term at University of Houston.

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1332 Final Exam Review - Comm 1332 Comprehensive Exam...

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