ece3414induction_machines_II

ece3414induction_machines_II - I NDUCTION M OTOR T ESTS...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: I NDUCTION M OTOR T ESTS (No-Load Test, Blocked Rotor Test) The equivalent circuit parameters for an induction motor can be determined using specific tests on the motor, just as was done for the transformer. No-Load Test Balanced voltages are applied to the stator terminals at the rated frequency with the rotor uncoupled from any mechanical load. Current, voltage and power are measured at the motor input. The losses in the no-load test are those due to core losses, winding losses, windage and friction. Blocked Rotor Test The rotor is blocked to prevent rotation and balanced voltages are applied to the stator terminals at a frequency of 25 percent of the rated frequency at a voltage where the rated current is achieved. Current, voltage and power are measured at the motor input. In addition to these tests, the DC resistance of the stator winding should be measured in order to determine the complete equivalent circuit. No-Load Test The slip of the induction motor at no-load is very low. Thus, the value of the equivalent resistance in the rotor branch of the equivalent circuit is very high. The no-load rotor current is then negligible and the rotor branch of the equivalent circuit can be neglected. The approximate equivalent circuit for the no-load test becomes Induction machine equivalent circuit for no-load test Note that the series resistance in the no-load test equivalent circuit is not simply the stator winding resistance. The no-load rotational losses (windage, friction, and core losses) will also be seen in the no-load measurement. This is why the additional measurement of the DC resistance of the stator windings is required. Given that the rotor current is negligible under no-load conditions, the rotor copper losses are also negligible. Thus, the input power measured in the no-load test is equal to the stator copper losses plus the rotational losses. where the stator copper losses are given by From the no-load measurement data ( V NL , I NL , P NL ) and the no-load equivalent circuit, the value of R NL is determined from the no-load dissipated power. The ratio of the no-load voltage to current represents the no-load impedance which, from the no-load equivalent circuit, is and the blocked rotor reactance sum X l 1 + X m 1 is Note that the values of X l 1 and X m 1 are not uniquely determined by the no- load test data alone (unlike the transformer no-load test). The value of the stator leakage reactance can be determined from the blocked rotor test. The value of the magnetizing reactance can then be determined. Blocked Rotor Test The slip for the blocked rotor test is unity since the rotor is stationary. The resulting speed-dependent equivalent resistance goes to zero and the resistance of the rotor branch of the equivalent circuit becomes very small. Thus, the rotor current is much larger than current in the excitation branch of the circuit such that the excitation branch can be neglected. The resulting equivalent circuit for the blocked rotor test is shown in the...
View Full Document

Page1 / 19

ece3414induction_machines_II - I NDUCTION M OTOR T ESTS...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online