Written By - Morrissey 1 Written By Michelle Morrissey Professor Dr Lombardo Policing and the Urban Society Morrissey 2 Policing has gone through

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Morrissey 1 Written By: Michelle Morrissey Professor Dr. Lombardo Policing and the Urban Society November 16, 2000
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Morrissey 2 Policing has gone through many changes throughout its existence in the United States, the most recent change is the implementation of community orientated policing. This is the style of policing that police departments are turning to for resolution. In order to create a style of policing that is most efficient and useful a lot of time, research and analysis, and statistics concerning the organizations design, the tactics, different departments, and all personal. Policemen have the job of constructing the atmosphere which will protect the people, uphold the law, and create a healthy environment for all to live in, however the culture of policemen sometimes coincides with these factors. Community Policing has worked well within our society, but has not been as useful as expected. This paper will discuss how it has succeeded as well as failed and what can be integrated and changed that may create a better agency. First, we must discuss the prelude eras that constructed the backbone of Community Policing. The first era of policing is the political era referring to the 1840's to the 1900's. The function of the police during the political era was service and protection, but with a major emphasis on civil service agenda. The organizational design of the police departments was decentralized. Each department was small in scale and consisted of people hired by the politicians. Since there was so much political influence, captains were not much of an authority; authority was with the politicians. There were not separate departments for specific needs, such as forensics. Another aspect of this period was the relationship that officers had with the community. The police were "friends" of the people. The main tactic was foot patrol. In the end, it is clear that during the political era the police were there to maintain civil order and political satisfaction.
Background image of page 2
Morrissey 3 Next came the Reform Era and professional policing. Professional policing was implemented during the 1920's to stop the corruption affiliated with the police and politicians. The function of the police relates to the legitimacy of the organization to enforce the law and crime control. They were there to control the incidence of crime and to stop any that was occurring. Participation in other forms of activity by the police was looked at as social work, not police work. ". . . Police had been conceptualized as an agency of urban government; the President's Commission reconceptualized them as part of the criminal justice system" (Kelling and Moore, The Evolving Strategy of Policing, pg. 79). The Organizational Design of the police departments is scientific, bureaucratic, and divided. The departments were set up with both paper work and patrol work for the officers to do, in accordance to the departments they were in. The bureaucracy of the stations came with the supervision, limited control, record keeping, etc. (Kelling, The
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/26/2011 for the course ECON 133 taught by Professor Bayton during the Spring '09 term at College of DuPage.

Page1 / 8

Written By - Morrissey 1 Written By Michelle Morrissey Professor Dr Lombardo Policing and the Urban Society Morrissey 2 Policing has gone through

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online