Unformatted text preview: ED1 Fall 2010 | Midterm Exam Study Guide Questions Observing Cities 1. Write a stream of consciousness narrative as you observe the landscape on your walk to campus. What type of conversation do you have with yourself? How are the types of observations you make affected by either John Stilgoe's chapter from Outside Lies Magic or Rasmussen's articles from Experiencing Architecture? 2. Pretend you are writing a film review for a magazine read by CED students. Explain how movies such as "Powers of Ten" by Charles and Ray Eames and "The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces" by William Whyte are relevant to architects. Why should architecture students such as yourself watch them? How do these films communicate design ideas differently than other types of media? What role does film have in the education of an environmental designer? 3. Critique and compare the relative success of two of the following buildings. Be specific with each building as to whether you find it to be more successful (in terms of its contribution to the urban/campus experience) when experienced closeup or more successful when seen from afar. The building may be successful from both points of view, but take a position on where its greatest strengths lie close or afar. Choose two of the following buildings: Wurster Hall, Music Library, Men's Faculty Club, Brower Center, Unit One and Unit Two. 4. While giving a tour of the campus, someone asks you the difference between a landmark and a monument. Using examples from campus or from reading and lectures, explain the difference between landmarks and monuments as articulated by J.B. Jackson in "The Necessity of Ruins." Cities, Nature, Time 5. A small California town is considering whether or not it should preserve its old buildings or replace them with modern structures. The buildings include a church, a town hall, and some 19th century homes. Pretend you are speaking at a town hall meeting. Write a paragraph defending why one or more of these buildings should be preserved using ideas from J.B. Jackson's article "The Necessity of Ruins." 6. Pretend you are explaining Anne Whiton Sprin's ideas from "City and Nature" to a friend who has not read the article by using examples from the Bay Area. Give your friend a tour of Berkeley or San Francisco pointing out three urban forms that were shaped the region's history and/or nature. 7. Create a timeline and/or map of four events that led to the shaping of the urban form of San Francisco or Berkeley. Explain each event and the urban form it shaped. 8. Thinking back to Spirn's "City and Nature" reading, how might a small historic town located in Northern California plan for an expected 200% population growth in the next 30 years? How might you accommodate for environmental factors and desires. Think about climate and resources of a small Northern Californian town. How might your infrastructural qualities of the present town factor into population growth? What qualities of design would promote a healthy density? 9. The east bay is hit by a major earthquake and much of the housing surrounding campus is destroyed. You and a group of fellow CED students draft a brief for ideas for an upcoming design competition for the redesign of several blocks of housing that will replace new housing. How might Berkeley's historic architectural traditions translate to a new housing prototype? Thinking about the geography, climate and nature of its location, how would you translate the context of Berkeley into a housing/landscape design? Thinking about materiality, budgets and the urgency of housing, write a brief statement explaining your design intent. Public Space 10. Pretend you are writing a postcard home to your friends or family about a public space that you are visiting (you can choose any discussed in class or the readings). Describe what makes the space successful or unsuccessful and why. Describe how the scholars from the readings (such as Clare Cooper Marcus and William Whyte) that have shaped your perception of the space. 11. You are assisting Randy Hester to survey the residents of Berkeley at a local farmers market. The focus of your research is to create centeredness in the neighborhoods nearby. When a local resident approaches you, how do you explain centeredness? With the 10 principles that make up centeredness in mind, write a succinct conversation between you and the resident. 12. You are advocating that the park in your neighborhood should be designed for "usability by all." Referencing the readings, explain to your neighbors the benefits universal design to people of all abilities? 13. Imagine that William Whyte and Mike Davis are sitting together in Sproul Plaza. What would they talk about? What would they think of the space's design, use, and meaning? What would they agree on? What might they argue about? You may write the answer as a conversation if you choose. 14. Both Rene Davids' public housing design and Ron Rael's proposal for the USMexico border fence propose increasing the amount and type of access that people have for social interaction, mutual support, and quality of life. How do their designs challenge the exclusion described by Mike Davis in "Fortress Los Angeles and the Militarization of Urban Space"? Craft your argument using specific examples from Davis' chapter and class lectures. Diagrams, Plans Sections and Design in Detail 15. Using one of the buildings listed in question 3, critique how successfully/unsuccessfully the designer addressed Kahn's position of consulting the laws of nature when developing the materials and details of the building. In making you must consult the laws of nature there you will find the the order of water, the order of wind, the order of light, the order of certain materials.. ...you consider the nature of brick. This is a natural thing. You say to the brick, What do you want brick? And the brick says I like an arch Lou Kahn, 1973 16. Pretend you are a researcher for Kevin Lynch's "City Form" project. Please draw a diagram of the UC Berkeley campus and label Lynch's five city elements and explain each element and example. 17. Imagine Le Corbusier ("Illusion of Plans") and Lyndon and Moore (Chambers for a Memory Palace) are taking a walk around campus. They walk along the axis at the Campanile and then visit Doe Library. What would they talk about? What would they think of the space's design, use, and meaning? What would they agree on? What might they argue about? The answer may be written as a conversation. 18. Pretend you are showing a plan and section you drew to one of your friends who doesn't know anything about architectural drawings. Explain (using words and sketches) the difference between the two types of drawings referencing the readings by Le Corbusier "Illusion of Plans" and/or Guillame and Verin, "The Archaeology of the Section." What type of information does each show? How do they work together? What can you understand in one, but not another? 19. A San Francisco design firm hires you for a summer internship and asks you to stop in downtown Berkeley before work to sketch some information on for a competition the firm is entering on a redesign of Shattuck Street between Bancroft and University.. You have your camera and sketchbook to take some basic dimensions of the street cross section and major buildings/features along the street. You remember that you learned how to use the human body as a measurement tool. Describe and diagram how you would do field measurements to provide the firm with some rough dimensional information that will allow them to begin brainstorming ideas before they receive surveyed base information. ...
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- Spring '10
- San Francisco, University of California, Berkeley, William Whyte, Small Urban Spaces, public housing design