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Unformatted text preview: C.J. Gorrell 1 Hist 174 Synthetic Discussion Questions 3 1. If any century would be attributed with an increase in laboratory use among the scientific disciplines, it should be the 19 th century. The 19 th century was attributed with the works of Faraday, Maxwell, and Mendeleev. All these men preformed experiments in their appropriate fields of physics and chemistry, and they did it in some form of a laboratory. A prime example of how the 19 th century can be attributed with laboratory work is seen in our study of Louis Pasteur in which he discovered the cure for rabies in his laboratory. 1 What the 20 th century can be attributed with is an increase in biology based laboratory work; this increase within the discipline being attributed to an increase in experimentation over natural observation. The 20 th century is also attributed with an increase in the use of large teams within the laboratories. Prior to the 19 th century, science was seen as more of a one-man sport but government research brought about during World War One for chemical warfare, and during World War Two for nuclear physics saw the introduction of massive teams with seemingly limitless funding. Therefore I see statement one as false. 2. If we analyze the prestige of a scientific discipline by the fames of the scientists within the disciplines and by the load of investment in that discipline, I would agree that physics is the most prestigious. We see that physics received the largest funding...
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2011 for the course HIST hist174 taught by Professor Milan during the Spring '10 term at Maryland.
- Spring '10