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Working Definitions First/Second/Third Cinema Coined in 1969 by two Argentinean filmmakers, Fernando Solanas and Octavio Gentino. Hollywood is First Cinema , European auteur film and art cinema are Second Cinema. Third Cinema consists of films from countries outside the dominant sources of international power and tell stories outside the narratives that reinforce existing political and social power structures. Third Cinema advocates decolonization of culture through a counter-cinema; i.e., one that subverts, or offers alternatives to, dominant cinema (Hollywood) in the use of film form and representation of ideological perspective etc. (From Teaching World Cinema by Kate Gamm) “First Cinema expresses imperialist, capitalist, bourgeois ideas. Big monopoly capital finances big spectacle cinema as well as authorial and informational cinema… Second Cinema is all that expresses the aspirations of the middle stratum, the petite bourgeoisie. Second cinema is often nihilistic, mystificatory. It runs in circles. It is cut off from reality…So called “author cinema” often belongs in the Second Cinema, but both good and bad authors may be found in First and Third Cinema. Third Cinema is the expression of a new culture and of social changes. Generally speaking, Third Cinema gives an account of reality and history. It is also linked with national
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