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MUS135NOTES - MUS 135 History of Jazz Swing Popular music...

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MUS 135: History of Jazz 11/03/2008 14:34:00 Swing Popular music of a generation 1935-1945”ish” between the Great Depression and WWII it don’t mean a thing if aint got that swing Big Band Large band and dance orchestra: same thing Big band developed from the dance orchestras Featured: o Trumpets o Trombones o Woodwinds (sax, doubling o \Rhythm section Piano, guitar, bass and drums See terms: page 128 (123??) Big band different from small ensembles o Arrangement o Orchestration Antiphony: CALL AND RESPONSE o Balance between written sections and improv
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o Ellington, Henderson, Eddie Down South Camp Meeting LG page 125 Fletcher, Henderson and his Orchestra Swing Little improv Carefully arranged Rhythm Section Changing Role Bass on all beats, not just 1 and 3 o Walking bass Drummer changed role as well o High hat (two cymbals with a foot pedal) o Not just keeping time Drum boogie Guitar Replaced banjo Solos and chords Keep the rhythm: 4 chords to a bar Django and others Electric guitar in 1936
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Territory Bands Midwest and south Toured region Not based in NYC, Chicago, etc. Many could not read- not as sophisticated as big bands in major cities o The original Blue Devils o Walter Page, Count Basie Kansas city More than 300 clubs during the Depression Home of Jazz Museum Mary Lou Williams Pianist and composer Andy Kirk Band Known for arrnagments Incorporated stride and boogie woogie 1 st
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