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Land use Planning to manage Urban Transport system

Land use Planning to manage Urban Transport system - Land...

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Land use Planning to manage Urban Transport system. It is important to coordinate transportation and land use planning decisions so they are complementary rather than contradictory. This requires an understanding of how specific land use patterns affect travel. Land use factors can significantly affect travel. For example, vehicle travel ranges from about 15 to 50 average daily vehicle-miles per capita between U.S. urban areas, due largely to transportation and land use factors (FHWA 2005). Yet, these factors are often given little consideration in transportation planning. Transportation planners have traditionally focused on mobility rather than accessibility , and so have not considered the effects of land use accessibility on transport system performance (Litman 2003). Changes in travel behavior caused by land use management strategies can help solve various problems and help achieve various planning objectives. Table 5 identifies some of these objectives and discusses the ability of land use management strategies to help achieve them. These impacts vary in a number of ways. For example, some result from reductions in vehicle ownership, while others result from reductions in vehicle use. Some result from changes in total vehicle travel, others result primarily from reductions in peak-period vehicle travel. Some result from increased non-motorized travel. Land use management strategies can be implemented at various geographic scales.
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