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www.vtpi.org [email protected] 250-360-1560 Todd Alexander Litman © 2004-10 You are welcome and encouraged to copy, distribute, share and excerpt this document and its ideas, provided the author is given attribution. Please send your corrections, comments and suggestions for improvement. Land Use Impacts on Transport How Land Use Factors Affect Travel Behavior 9 July 2010 Todd Litman Victoria Transport Policy Institute With Rowan Steele Land use factors such as density, mix, connectivity and walkability affect how people travel in a community. This information can be used to help achieve transport planning objectives. Abstract This paper examines how various land use factors such as density, regional accessibility, mix and roadway connectivity affect travel behavior, including per capita vehicle travel, mode split and nonmotorized travel. This information is useful for evaluating the ability of land use policies such as Smart Growth, New Urbanism and Access Management to help achieve transport planning objectives.
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Land Use Impacts On Transportation Victoria Transport Policy Institute 2 Contents Introduction . .......................................................................................................... 3 Evaluating Land Use Impacts . ...................................................................................... 6 Planning Objectives . ..................................................................................................... 8 Land Use Management Strategies . ............................................................................... 9 Individual Land Use Factors . .............................................................................. 10 Density . ....................................................................................................................... 10 Regional Accessibility . ................................................................................................ 15 Centeredness . ............................................................................................................. 16 Land Use Mix . ............................................................................................................. 17 Connectivity . ................................................................................................................ 18 Roadway Design . ........................................................................................................ 20 Walking and Cycling Conditions . ................................................................................. 20 Transit Accessibility . .................................................................................................... 22 Parking Management . ................................................................................................. 27 Local Activity Self-Sufficiency – Urban Villages . ......................................................... 28 Retail Distribution . ....................................................................................................... 28 Site Design and Building Orientation . ......................................................................... 29 Mobility Management . ................................................................................................. 29 Community Cohesion . ................................................................................................. 30 Cumulative Impacts . .................................................................................................... 30 Nonmotorized Travel . .......................................................................................... 39 Modeling Land Use Impacts on Travel Behavior . ............................................... 42 Feasibility, Costs and Criticism . .......................................................................... 44 Feasibility . ................................................................................................................... 44 Costs . .......................................................................................................................... 45 Criticisms . .................................................................................................................... 45 Impact Summary . ................................................................................................ 46 Conclusions . ....................................................................................................... 48 References And Information Resources . ............................................................ 49
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Land Use Impacts On Transportation Victoria Transport Policy Institute 3 Introduction Land use and transportation are two sides of the same coin. Transportation affects land use and land use affects transportation. Decisions that affect one also affect the other. As a result, it is important to coordinate transportation and land use planning decisions so they are complementary rather than contradictory. This insures that transport planning decisions support land use planning objectives and land use planning decisions support transport planning objectives. This requires an understanding of how specific land use patterns affect travel, which is the subject of this paper. Land Use Patterns (also called Community Design , Urban Form , Spatial Planning , Built Environment , and Urban Geography ) refers to land use factors such as those in Table 1. Table 1 Land Use Factors Factor Definition Density People or jobs per unit of land area (acre or hectare).
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2011 for the course EE 1001 taught by Professor Panda during the Spring '10 term at National University of Singapore.

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landtravel - www.vtpi.org [email protected] 250-360-1560 Land...

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