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1 S USTAINABLE TRANSPORT PLANNING IN A SIA : THE S INGAPORE STORY Sun Sheng Han The Australian Centre for Governance and Management of Urban Transport (GAMUT) [email protected] B IO Dr Sun Sheng Han is associate professor in urban planning, the University of Melbourne. His research expertise includes Pacific-Asia urban studies and spatial analysis. Dr Han was trained in the programs of B.Eng. in landscape architecture (Tongji U, China), M.Sc. in urban planning (AIT, Thailand) and Ph.D. in urban and regional development (SFU, Canada). In his career Dr. Han worked as town planner for China's Ministry of Construction (Beijing), UN Researcher for the United Nations Centre for Regional Development (Nagoya), and Associate Professor for the National University of Singapore. He is author of 120 publications in the forms of refereed journal articles, edited books and journals, monographs, and conference papers. His current research include "Sustainable transport planning in Asia" supported by the Volvo Research and Education Foundation (Sweden), "Peri-urban development and environmental sustainability: examples from India and China" supported by the Asian-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (Japan), and "Integration of land use and transport in China" supported by the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy (USA). Abstract This paper makes a connection between the Singapore story of land transport development and the pathway towards sustainable transport planning. In particular, the paper contends that a parrellel growth between motorization and public transit is a sustainable transport development model. This model grows out from the Asian reality of socioeconomic and political complexities, but has wider implications to both developed and less developed urban settings. Keywords: sustainable transport, motorization, planning, Singapore
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2 S USTAINABLE TRANSPORT PLANNING IN A SIA : THE S INGAPORE STORY Introduction At the core of sustainable transport is a balance between the current well being of a society and its future opportunities to maintain and improve the current status. This has led to many interpretations as the aspects of discussion and the scope of a society change. From a resource perspective, the balance is between the transportation and resource needs of the current and the future generations (Black 2000; Steg and Gifford 2005; Richardson 2005). This may include the use of fuel reserves, the capacity of absorbing greenhouse gas emissions, and land resources (Black 2000). A balanced success across social, economic and environmental dimensions of development in both space and time is the key to sustainable transport development (Barter 2008, 98). A major threat to sustainable transport is car dependence. Motor vehicles
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