traffic congestion 2 - A Toolbox for Alleviating Traffic...

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A Toolbox for Alleviating Traffic Congestion INSTITUTE OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERS 525 School Street, SW Washington, DC 20024
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The Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) is made up of more than 9600 transportation engineers and planners in over 70 countries. These transportation professionals are responsible for the safe and effi- cient movement of people and goods on streets, highways, and transit systems. Since 1930, the Institute has been providing transportation professionals with programs and resources to help them meet those responsibilities. Institute programs and resources include professional development seminars, technical reports, a monthly journal, local, regional, and international meetings, and other forums for the exchange of opinion, ideas, techniques, and research. INSTITUTE OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERS 525 School St., S. W., Suite 410 Washington, D.C. 20024-2797 USA Telephone: 202/554-8050 FAX: 2021863-5486 1989 Institute of Transportation Engineers. All rights reserved. ITE Publ. No. IR-054A 2nd Printing lM/AGS/1091 ii
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Table of Contents 1. Traffic Congestion: An Overview . ......................... . 1 Why Worry? ............................................ . . Traffic Congestion: Today and Tomorrow . ................... . .3 Can Anything Be Done ? ................................. . .8 2. Putting It All Together: Development of a Coordinated Program to Alleviate Traffic Congestion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Congestion as an Areawide Phenomenon: Development of a Coordinated Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 A Congestion Reduction Toolbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Commitment and Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 3. Highways: Getting the Most Out of the Existing System . .... . . 19 Urban Freeways. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Freeway Incident Detection and Management System s ....... . .19 Integrated Freeway and Arterial Network Surveillance and Control . ..................................... . ..2 2 Motorist Information Systems. .......................... . .23 Ramp Metering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 4 Providing Additional Lanes Without Widening the Freeway . .. .26 High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Facilities. ................ . .28 Future Technologie s .................................. . .32 Arterials and Local Streets. .............................. . .35 Super Street Arterials s ................................ . ..3 5 Traffic Signal Improvement s ............................ . .36 Computerized Signal Systems. . .39 Arterial Surveillance and Management .................... . .41 Intersection Improvement s ............................. . .44 Turn Prohibition s .................................... . .45 One Way Street s ..................................... . .47 . . . iii
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Reversible Traffic Lanes . ............................... . .49 Improved Traffic Control Devices . ....................... . .50 Parking Managemen t . ............................... . ..5 2 Goods Movement Managemen t ......................... . .56 Arterial Access Management . ........................... . .59 High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Facilities on Arterials. ....... . 61 Enforcement t ......................................... . ..6 6 4. Building New Capacity. .................................. 71 New Highways .......................................... . 71 Access Control and Managemen t .......................... . .74 Geometric Design . ..................................... . .76 Reconstructio n ....................................... . ..7 7 Traffic Management During Reconstruction . ................. . 78 Street Widening . . ..8 0 Grade Separation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1 Railroad Grade Separation n .............................. . ..8 3 5. Providing Transit Servic e ............................... . 87 Construction of Rail/Fixed Guideway Transit Facilitie s ......... . 87 Implement Fixed Route and Express Bus Service s ............. . 90 Implement Paratransit Services ............................ . .91 Implementation for Providing Transit Service . ................ . 92 Land Use Policies for Improved Transit Acces s ................ . 97 Site Design Criteria that Increase Transit Usag e ............... . 99 Transit-Oriented Parking Management Strategies. . . . . . . . . . .101 Employer Initiatives that Encourage Transit Use .
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2011 for the course EE 1001 taught by Professor Panda during the Spring '10 term at National University of Singapore.

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traffic congestion 2 - A Toolbox for Alleviating Traffic...

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