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exam equation sheet

exam equation sheet - Properties of Solutions Mass percent...

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Equation Sheet Chemical Foundations T F 32 ° F ( ) 5 ° C 9 ° F = T C T F = T C 9 ° F 5 ° C + 32 ° F T K = T C + 273.15 Density = mass volume Stoichiometry Mass % = mass of element in 1 mole of substance mass of one mole of substance 100% Percent yield = actual yield (g) theoretical yield (g) 100% Molarity(M)= moles of solute volume of solution (L) M Concentrated V Concentrated = M Diluted V Diluted States of Matter Pressure = force area P 1 V 1 T 1 = P 2 V 2 T 2 PV = nRT molar mass = dRT P P total = P 1 + P 2 + P 3 + P total = n total RT V i = n i n total P i = i P total u rms = 3 RT molar mass Rate of effusion for gas 1 Rate of effusion for gas 2 = molar mass 2 molar mass 1 P obs + a n V 2 V nb ( ) = nRT n = 2 d sin ln P vap ( ) = H vap R 1 T + C ln P 1 P 2 = H vap R 1 T 2 1 T 1 Thermochemistry E = q + w = q P V work = force distance V = V final = V initial w = P V H = E + P V q = ms T q = C T H = H products H reactants Atconstantpressure : H = q p Atconstantvolume : E = q v H ° = n p H f o ( Products ) n r H f o ( Reactants ) G ° = n p G f o ( Products ) n r G f o ( Reactants ) S ° = n p S ° ( Products ) n r S ° (
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