PSY1 Notes5

PSY1 Notes5 - 0 1 2 3 4 Verbal(studied the most...

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Unformatted text preview: 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. Verbal (studied the most) Visuospatial Motor Tactile Autonomic Types of Memory Include: Memory Memory Early Memory Research Information-Processing Approach to Memory Atkinson-Schriffin Memory Model Iconic Memory 5. Partly a consequence of rate of recovery of sensory receptors from stimulation (“afterimage”) from 6. Lasts only a few seconds Short-Term Memory (STM) 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. Holds only a few items (5-7 typically) Last only a very short period (~30”) Requires sustained attention Very vulnerable to distraction Circulating Verbal STM often tested using memory span Verbal memory Aided by chunking Aided chunking Best seen as “scratchpad” or working memory Best working Organizes information for consolidation into LTM Organizes consolidation 5. 6. 7. 8. Long-Term Memory (LTM) Long-Term 9. Capacity limits are unknown. 10. Includes both intentional and incidental memory, with Includes intentional incidental intentional memory more effective. intentional amnesia). amnesia 11. Lasting memories occur only after age 3 or 4 (childhood 12. Some kinds of memories can last a lifetime (permastore), especially if they: especially 0. are well-learned. 1. kept fresh with new, related learning. 2. frequently rehearsed. 3. susceptible to motivated distortion 4. gaps are filled by confabulation 13. Are reconstructed, not replayed exactly. 14. Anterograde amnesia: reduced ability to form new memories; reduced memories; those predating the injury, etc., are often preserved those Amnesias 5. Occurs in some cases of temporal-lobe damage (case of Henry Occurs Henry M.) M. 6. Seen in Korsakoff’s syndrome 7. Often, differences in declarative vs. procedural memory Often, declarative procedural (recollections vs. habits) vs. 15. Retrograde amnesia: reduced ability to remember experiences prior to the injury, etc.; new memories can be formed prior 8. Frequently seen with use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) “Hypnotic Hypermnesia” 16. Hypnosis does not change one’s overall accuracy of recall. 17. Hypnosis can increase the amount of material someone “recalls,” but the extra material may be unwitting fabrication. “recalls,” 18. Hypnosis increases one’s confidence in one’s recollections, even if they are false. even 19. No evidence for “traumatic repression” of memories that hypnosis can de-repress. hypnosis Serial Position Effects Serial 7. Proactive interference: learning new material (e.g., the Tuesday List) is harder after just learning other material (e.g., the List) Monday List) Monday Interference 8. Retroactive interference: recalling previously learned material (e.g., the Monday List) is harder after just learning new material (e.g., (e.g., the Tuesday List) (e.g., ...
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