PSY1 12 - :KDW LV ,QWHOOLJHQFH" Early Views on...

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Unformatted text preview: :KDW LV ,QWHOOLJHQFH" Early Views on Intelligence z Craniometry (e.g., Paul Broca) Endocasts Presupposed human racial / sexual hierarchy Now debunked z Sensory Acuity (e.g., Francis Galton) Reaction time Sensory testing 3DUW RI *DOWRQV Eugenics movement z Current eugenics practices (e.g., enforced sterilizations) z Is there ongoing dysgenics ? (Herrnstein & Murray, The Bell Curve , 1996) Roots of IQ Testing z School pre-placement tests Alfred Binet & Theodur Simon Binet-Simon Scale (1905) z William Stern concept of Mental Age (1911) Intelligence is Mental Age (MA) compared to Chronological Age (CA) I.Q. is (MA/CA) x 100 z IQ became regarded not as a measure of performance , but of capacity . Incorrectly connotes innateness Assumes that intelligence is general ( g ) Danger of causal attribution of performance to LQWHOOLJHQFH General vs. Specific Views of Intelligence g V N S IQ = g IQ = V + S + N 6DPSOH ,4V Average Child MA = 8 CA = 8 IQ = 100 Below-Average Child MA = 8 CA = 12 IQ = 67 Above-Average Child MA = 10 CA = 8 IQ = 125 IQ = (MA / CA) X 100 Founders of IQ-Testing Movement in the US...
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2011 for the course PSYCH 1 taught by Professor Fridlund during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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PSY1 12 - :KDW LV ,QWHOOLJHQFH" Early Views on...

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