Principles_and_Assumptions_of_Behavioris

Principles_and_Assumptions_of_Behavioris - Van Meter Ed Psy...

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Van Meter Ed Psy 421 Fall  2005   What is learning? Different theorists offer different definitions. Implications for questions that are asked. methods for deriving answers. answers that are acceptable.
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Van Meter Ed Psy 421 Fall  2005   What is the role of  theory? A theory is a set of principles offered to explain a phenomenon provides a framework for understanding, explaining, and predicting Bridge between research and practice Theory Practice Research
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Van Meter Ed Psy 421 Fall  2005   Setting the Stage for  Behaviorism Began in the early 1900’s early theories did not develop and use scientific methods differences between observation and interpretation Emphasized use of the scientific method only reliable data could be used behavior provides reliable data Definition: Learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior. Objective Uncover a set of principles to account for human learning
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Unformatted text preview: Van Meter Ed Psy 421 Fall 2005 Assumptions 1. Human behaviors can be accounted for by a set of rules. 2. Knowledge of these rules can be used to promote learning in positive ways. 3. The lawful relationships between behavior and environment can only be found if behavioral properties and experimental conditions are carefully controlled. 4. Data from experimental studies are the only acceptable sources of information about the causes of behavior Van Meter Ed Psy 421 Fall 2005 Assumptions (cont) 1. All species interact with the environment the same way a. not that all species learn the same thing 2. Behavior must be considered at the individual and not the group level a. dont collapse over several to get the average 3. Learning is functionally related to changes in the environment a. environment controls learning/behavior...
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Principles_and_Assumptions_of_Behavioris - Van Meter Ed Psy...

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