Unformatted text preview: Procedural Knowledge Van Meter Van Meter Ed Psy 421 Nov. 09 Procedural Knowlege Knowledge of… – procedures; how to do something e.g., math algorithms, handwriting, software execution e.g., solving a word problem, writing a paper, using a search engine – Procedural and declarative knowledge interact Procedures are goaldirected ACTR – Procedures are stored as productions in long term memory – Theory accounts for both simple and complex behavior – Stage theory Van Meter Van Meter EdPsy 421 Nov. 09 Condition-Action Rules A production is stored as a set of conditionaction rules. – Ifthen statements then I must press the brakes
If the phone is ringing, If the light is red, then I must pick it up “If” portion recognizes the conditions; “then” portion specifies the action – Action may set the stage for the next condition Van Meter Van Meter EdPsy 421 Nov. 09 Stages of Acquisition: Overview 3 stages Each stage is marked by a major developmental milestone Major transition – Initially, performance is halting and slow – Performance speeds up and smooths out, but there is a tradeoff Van Meter Van Meter EdPsy 421 Nov. 09 Stages of Acquisition: Novice cognitive stage learner is a novice knowledge in declarative form – information must be “read” by general translation procedures knowledge is in control of the process Van Meter Van Meter EdPsy 421 Nov. 09 Stages of Acquisition: Stages Associative Associative Compilation – major development – knowledge translated into productions and ordered Strength builds for production rules – learners select procedures based on the probability of success Performance – becomes more accurate – speed increases Van Meter Van Meter EdPsy 421 Nov. 09 Stages of Acquisition: Stages Autonomous Autonomous Finetuning – major development – condition statements are refined Procedure moves toward automaticity Van Meter Van Meter EdPsy 421 Nov. 09 ...
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