dalyons_92910_205251RESPIRATORY_ASSESSMENT_SON -...

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RESPIRATORY ASSESSMENT 1. Tachypnea- Rapid shallow breathing. Increased rate > 24 per minute. This is a normal response to fever, fear, or exercise. Rate also increases with respiratory insufficiency, pneumonia, alkalosis, pleurisy, and lesions in the pons ( located on the ventral surface of the brain stem). 2. Hyperventilation- Increase in both rate and depth. Normally occurs with extreme exertion, fear or anxiety. Also occurs with diabetic ketoacidosis, hepatic coma, aspirin overdose, lesions of the midbrain and alteration in blood gas concentration (either an increase in CO2 or decrease in O2). 3. Increased tactile fremitus- Occurs with conditions that increase the density of lung tissue, thereby making a better conducting medium for vibrations (eg. Compression or consolidation (pneumonia). There must be a patent bronchus, and consolidation must extend to lung surface for increased fremitus to be apparent. 4.
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2011 for the course NURS 252 taught by Professor Fasbinder during the Winter '09 term at University of Michigan.

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dalyons_92910_205251RESPIRATORY_ASSESSMENT_SON -...

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