2.Hunter College WS Collective

2.Hunter College WS Collective - WOMEN'S REALITIES, WOMEN'S...

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WOMEN'S REALITIES, CHOICES <t An Introduction to Women's Studies THIRD EDITION I Hunter College Women's Studies Collective I Ullci U. Bates I Florence L. Denmark I ~ Virginia Held Dorothy O. Helly Shirley Hune I Susan H. Lees Frances E. Mascia-Lees Sarah B. Pomeroy Carolyn M. Somerville I New York Oxford OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 2005
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Introduction Why Women's Studies Women's Studies in the Twenty-First Century What Is Women's Studies? vVomen's Studies and Feminism History of Women's Studies Missing Information About Humans Changed Views of vVomen and Men Issues and Goals Race, Class, and Other Oppressions Women's Studies as an Academic Discipline Women's Studies as a Source of Strength How This Book Presents Women's Studies References
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Today, more women than ever serve as members of their country's legislative bod- ies at the local, regional, and state levels. In Namibia (southern Africa), women ac- count for 44% of local government offi- cials. In Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, women make up more than 36% of the legislators at the national level, and they are making a difference in creating public policy beneficial to women. Today, in the United States, almost 50% of all women of working age work in the labor force, and career opportunities have expanded for women. Today, rape during times of war is treated as a crime against humanity, punishable by the International Criminal Court, an international court created by the United" , Nations and launched in 1998. Why Women's Studies Forty years ago, few women dared to run for political office, and women in political office were viewed as unnatural by both women and men. Forty years ago, only 32% of working- age women in the United States worked in the labor force. Forty years ago, the rape of women during armed conflict was viewed as just an unfortunate but all too common event. In the past 40 years, the feminist revolu- tion has expanded women's opportunities and women have made many impressive gains and achievements. Women are active politi- cally, economically, and socially in ways that were unimaginable decades ago. Political and economic rights acquired by women allow them to live their lives quite differently from their foremothers. Reproductive rights allow women the freedom to choose when to have or not have a child. With these tremendous gains achieved by women, why would anyone want to study feminism and women's studies in the twenty- first century? Many opportunities for girls and women are wide open, there to be seized; and some wonder why women would want to dwell on their "victimhood" or the "past" in- stead of just steaming ahead toward their goals. Young women today, they say, are con- fident they can do as they please with respect to how they look, with whom they have sex, how they identify themselves, and what they do with their time. They have never known a time before "girls can do anything boys can" (Baumgardner and Richards, 2000; Findlen, 1995). Others associate women's studies with feminism and feminism with something that may have been needed in the past but is now passe.
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2011 for the course WOMEN'S S 240 taught by Professor Cole during the Spring '07 term at University of Michigan.

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2.Hunter College WS Collective - WOMEN'S REALITIES, WOMEN'S...

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