11-20 Social Relationships

11-20 Social Relationships - 11/20 SocialRelationships

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11/20 Social Relationships Why do we need social relationships? For learning experiences, such as: Acquiring language, social skills, patterns of social behavior For social support (the emotional and practical help from others that  bolsters us as individuals, protects us from stress, and enable us to cope) Attachment Theory According to Bowlby and Ainsworth,  attachment theory  is:  the close emotional bonds such as, parent-child attachments are  biologically based and contribute to species survival The 1st attachment relationship (infant-caregiver) shapes later  development and quality of later relationships ( internal working model ) Ethologist, Konrad Lorenz, research supported this view of attachment through  imprinting  with young goslings, in which they attach to a moving object upon  birth and remain attached Attachment is the interaction between predisposed biological forces and  how the environment responds to the biological forces Infants and Attachment The parent-infant attachment is reciprocal: Infant becomes attached to parent  Parent becomes attached to infant Unlike Lorenz’s young goslings and imprinting, infants do not attach immediately upon  birth. They go through the following phases: 1. 0 to 2 or 3 months : Young infants are responsive to social stimuli, without  showing a clear preference for a particular person 2. 2 or 3 months to 6 or 7 months:  Infants show a preference for familiar people  and are still friendly to strangers
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3. 6 or 7 months to 3 years: 
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2011 for the course DFST 1013 taught by Professor Fields-moore during the Spring '08 term at North Texas.

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11-20 Social Relationships - 11/20 SocialRelationships

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