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CRIM 105 FINAL STUDY GUIDE: Cromwell Chapter 11 Scott and Lyman introduced their accounts in 1968 Studies of accounts cover a variety of behavior Data for study came from intensive qualitative interviews with a random sample of individuals who are incarcerated for using guns in a crime Focuses on reasons individuals gave for their actions rather than reasons for the actions of individuals Vocabulary during presentation is important Recounting events are a form of impression managements that represents a mixture of fact and fantasy If an offender can maintain a normal presentation of self within an abnormal situation that offender may be successful in having her or his past criminal behavior perceived by others as atypical thus the offender is allowed to accept the moral responsibility of his or her violent behavior without having to accept the associated deviant identity Represent the way violent gun users portray story Groups diverge into two categories: those that rely on excuses vs. those that rely on justifications Justification implies that the victim deserved the injury that he or she received An excuse claims that an untoward act is the result of a lack of knowledge and will-suggesting that the criminal is not entirely free during the time of the act –justification is the most common example Story 1-when the man shot his supervisor-shooter was very angry due to the two altercations, loss of job would affect his family in Columbia so the victim was responsible for his actions, he did not say he was righteous but made claims to attempt to portray himself as a person who needed to redeem his sense of self by causing pain on someone who had done him wrong Story 2-when the gang member shot one of his customers-did not want to lose face/wanted to gain respect within his drug community, if one carries a gun he must be willing to use it, the victim CAUSED the offender to use his gun Story 3-when the guy shot the kid in front of his brother- justified it by saying he did the right thing by firing a warning shot, also thought why fight someone when you could use a gun? Also wanted to maintain his younger brothers admiration Story 4-when the white kid made a uturn because he had a gun in his car-would not have confronted the boys without the gun in tow, also pulled out his gun but was instigated by the other two which lead him to shoot him Story 5-when the couple robbed a bunch of convenience stores and then the boyfriend got her in trouble, used an excuse as that she would have never committed said crimes if she had been aware of the consequences of her actions-felt she had no choice or her boyfriend would leave her
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Story 6- girl who shot her ex boyfriend-excused herself that she didn’t remember his last words to her, it wasn’t the real her Story 7-kid who shot his stepdad-excused that it was like an out of body experience and he literally watched someone else shoot his step dad-also there was the fact that his friend kept
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course CRIM 105 taught by Professor Povitsky during the Fall '07 term at Maryland.

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