{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

crimexam1 studyguide

crimexam1 studyguide - Criminology Study Guide Test 10/8...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Criminology Study Guide Test 10/8 Introduction to Criminology Criminology is: o The study of crime o The study of who commits crime o The study of who crime is committed upon (victims) o The study of why people commit crime o The study of how people commit crime Theory is: o Part of an explanation designed to help people understand something o Set of interrelated propositions designed to explain a particular phenomenon. o Every theory has a background assumption A background assumption is: An assumption about the basics of social order Attached to a person’s sentiment A part of a theory that cannot be tested Proposition is: o A way of relating a particular phenomenon to the world of information, beliefs, attitudes that make up an intellectual atmosphere of a people at a particular time and place. Correlation is: o When things tend to vary systematically in relation to each other o Necessary for a causation statement o Example: the majority of criminals are men Causation is: o When one thing necessarily leads to another o Example: Being a man causes criminality o For causation we need: Correlation Theoretical rationale Correct time sequence Absence of spuriousness Scientific Theories are: o One kind of a natural explanation in that they seek explanations of phenomena in this world. o Statements about the relationships between observable phenomenons. o Theories that can be falsified by evidence and research. o Modern criminology is based in scientific theory. Standards of Theory: o How we evaluate theories o A Theory should… Explain past facts that we know about crime
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Predict the future Be testable Be broad in scope Be logically consistent Be simple Be policy relevant. o We need theory to explain the facts about a crime o Theory broad scope: logically consistent. History of Criminological Theory Trajectory of ideas about crime and justice is o Embedded in the historical context in which they are popular Ideas about crime and justice o Tend to cycle in and out of popularity Popularity in time period context Theories die and come back. Spiritual explanations of crime o Crime is the result of someone or a community, angering otherworldly powers. (Early 17 th Century) o Thomas Aquinas Natural Law: humans are inheritably good, want to follow natural law, but only go against when they have a possession from the devil. Kings and queens had divine spiritual power Classical explanations of crime o 18 th century / enlightenment o Criminals are no different than non-criminals; crime is a choice that people make, usually as the result of a cost benefit analysis. o
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 10

crimexam1 studyguide - Criminology Study Guide Test 10/8...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon bookmark
Ask a homework question - tutors are online