PSYCH - Rene Descartes Empiricism F reudism Creationism...

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Rene Descartes Questioned how do we know what is true and false? Said experiences aren’t accurate Need clear and distinct ideas “I think therefore I am” Empiricism The premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation Freudism Flawed Followers just tested what Freud said instead of following their own ideas Creationism God Knows everything Creationism Vs. Science Pseudoscience Anything that appears to be scientific but does not adhere to the basic requirements of scientific method Experimental Research Most preferable and powerful method of research Allows us to draw casual conclusions Manipulate independent variables Scientific Method Hypothesis Prediction Experimental design (variables-dependent and independent)
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Groups (experimental and control) Test Analysis Independent Variable Thing that is being manipulated Dependent Variable What is being measured or recorded (quantitative) Daniel Shachter Asked: Why do people seek out the company of others? Hypothesis: being with others reduces anxiety People will seek out others if anxiety is present Extraneous Variables Any variables other than the independent variable that can affect the dependent variable (environment, world/memory correlation, subject design) Theory vs. Prediction Theory: what you are actually interested in solving in the world Prediction: what will happen Causational research Can make the strongest conclusions from this Manipulate the independent variables and see how that affects the dependent variable
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Correlational Research Cant control external variables Level of one variable is related to another Positive correlation: variables move in the same direction Negative correlation: variables move in opposite directions No correlation: no affect
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course PSYC 200 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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PSYCH - Rene Descartes Empiricism F reudism Creationism...

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