JEWISH HISTORY FINAL

JEWISH HISTORY FINAL - 1 Time period 1880-1924 Jews In...

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1 Time period 1880-1924 2.5 million Jews immigrated to the US from eastern Europe Before this there were only 250,000 Jews in the US Most Jews today are descendants of this time period Most settled in NY Most Jews vote democratically (sign of religious transformation) Jews In Eastern Europe and causes of Migration In the 14 th and 16 th centuries Jews migrated eastward They went to Poland and became prominent in alcohol and sale No Jewish settlement in Russia; was a pale of settlement where Jews were restricted to in Russia There were pogroms in 1881 that lead to the feeling of despair and insecurity-in 1881 the Russian revolution began and the rules for Jews became much more restricting and harder Jews were trying to escape the draft
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2 The responses to this were Jews became Zionist, revolutionary, or became Jewish socialists but mostly this lead to the immigration of Jews to the US There was a lot of poverty that was caused by overpopulation Violence in pogroms There was government opposition America was attractive “Golene Medinan”- meant the golden land It offered more economic opportunities for everyone (there was economic, and capital expansion. Immigrating meant personal freedom without discrimination, constitutional rights Was a snowball effect Travel Methods: Steamship companies had storage where they could put people to cross the Atlantic-cost 25 dollars to cross-there were then railroad connections from ports to boats By the early 20 th century
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3 100,000 Jews came a year and in 1906 most Jews were immigrants Jews in the early 20 th century in America 1881-1924 of the 2.5 million Jews 70% were from the Russian Empire 20% were from Galicia 4% were from Romania and 2% were from England of the 5 million immigrants to the US in the 1880’s 193,000 of them were Jews 1890’s 3.6 million Jews immigrants-393,000 were Jews 1900-1910-8 million immigrants- 976,000 were Jews of the 8.8% of all immigrants half of them were Russian Immigrants American people called Jews Hebrews Jewish immigration was spontaneous and illegal (when leaving from Russia) Organizations were set up to protect immigrants, most Jews had to fend for
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themselves and they traveled with no luxuries and in steerage Steam ship usually took five to ten days to cross the Atlantic ocean to NY Ellis Island Before World War One anyone really could enter the US from Europe, however in 1924 a quota system was introduced Most young Jewish immigrants were young men or Jews that traveled in family packs 20% of Jewish immigrants were children Jews had intention of staying permanently- only 8% of immigrants returned home Jews and Jobs Eastern European Jews were skilled in labor and most were petty merchants or peddlers 12% general laborers and 5% petty merchants, 1% professionals Crafts=tailoring, dress, hat, glove making ect. Carpentry, painting and
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JEWISH HISTORY FINAL - 1 Time period 1880-1924 Jews In...

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