Jewish History Mid Term

Jewish History Mid - Jewish H istory Mid Term First Wave American Jewry was c reated in waves of i mmigration The fi rst wave consisted of

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Jewish History Mid Term First Wave American Jewry was created in waves of immigration The first wave consisted of Sephardic Jews Sephardic Jews Jews of Spanish Descent Second Wave German Jews, cam from about 1830-1870 In total they were about 100,000 Third Wave Made up of eastern European Jews from 1881-1924 In the 20 th century smaller groups came around the pre holocaust time, mostly escapers, then about 100,000 survivors came post holocaust 1956 came Hungarian Jews who sought an escape from communism 1970-1990 about 100,000 Jews came from the former soviet union In the 1960’s the now Israeli Jews settled in the U.S-about 250,000 American Jewry: How was it formed? What did it create? American Jewry was created by constant migration; “youthful vigor”-abandonment of European ways
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American Jews were so grateful for their new lives, the truly embraced America and it created a sense of freedom for these people who had never had it before Because the different waves of Jews came at different times they encountered different things However, they all felt it was important to be Americanized but maintaining their religion “How to be an American Jew?” In the U.S. there was never any struggle for rights or emancipation where as in Europe there was a severe struggle to obtain rights. All Jews, excluding women, were automatically citizens There was never any anti-Semitism (in political terms) Politically there was no Jewish discrimination and they had the freedom to assimilate or be as Jewish as desired – Jews were both a community AND an
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ethnic group Ex-Marranos Jews that were forcibly converted to Christianity in Spain in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries Some of whom still secretly practiced Judaism, or some dispersed but later began to practice again Those who dispersed created new communities in Holland, England, France and in the new world They were the first “modern Jews,” the mingled easily with non Jews because they had lived amongst Christians for so long, they felt the same, seemed and looked the same as everyone else (Marranos translates into pig) Spain and Jews in the 8 th century Golden age for Jews began in 711 when Islam defeated Spain (Jews in Spain flourished during this time) They began to lose control in the 13 th century and it was completely lost by the
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15 th century “Reconquista” Riots began to erupt which were lead by ministers, fryers, monks, ect, which lead to the forced conversion of Jews Most “conversos” or new Christians complied but some Jews continued to secretly practice their religion In 1492 Jews were expelled from Spain because Isabella feared that they would be a bad influence on “conversos” Some people converted, some fled to Portugal, North Africa, Italy but the majority that left went to the Ottoman Empire The Spanish Inquisition and the time surrounding… 1480 A set of church courts
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Jewish History Mid - Jewish H istory Mid Term First Wave American Jewry was c reated in waves of i mmigration The fi rst wave consisted of

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