CCJS105 Exam 3 Review

CCJS105 Exam 3 Review - CCJS105 Federique Exam 3 Review...

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CCJS105 - Federique Exam 3 Review SOCIAL PROCESS THEORIES Social Process Theories describe the process of interaction between individuals and society Propositions of social process theories are that everyone has the potential to violate law (criminality is not an innate human characteristic), criminality is not biological or psychological, criminal behavior is learned through socialization, and that family, work, and peers contribution to socialization Three social process theories are differential association, labeling, and social learning - Differential Association Theory ~FBI UCR statistics started in the 1920s and 30s, As the Great Depression began, Sutherland noticed that people who had not been criminals were committing criminal acts because of their situations, and the prohibition and criminalization of drug use ~Created by Edwin H. Sutherland (wrote Criminology) who had a PhD from Chicago who said that social structure and social disorganization are the underlying causes of crime and also that social class is important ~ DAT says that criminal behavior is learned (content of communication is important, crime is the same as any other learned behavior) ~The propositions of differential association are: (1) That CB is learned (2) It is learned through interaction with other people (3) Learning happens in intimate personal groups (4) Learning includes techniques and motivations (5) Definitions of the legal code are learned (6) Delinquents have excess of definitions favorable to law violation (7) Differential associations vary in frequency, duration, priority, and intensity (8) Learning criminal behavior is the same as learning other behaviors (9) K ~ Focus on favorable/unfavorable definitions such as fair play vs. the idea that cheating and shortcuts are okay ~The two basic elements of Sutherland’s theory are content and process Content is what is learned which can be techniques, motivations, rationalizations, and attitudes toward crime Process is how it is learned which can be through association with other people in intimate personal groups ADD ~Research on DAT says that adolescents commit crime in groups ~ Critiques of the DAT are that it is unclear which comes first, delinquency or delinquent friends *Delinquent friends describes when people learn crime from delinquent peer groups *Delinquency is when youth who are already delinquent hang out together to commit delinquent acts
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- Labeling Theory ~Edwin Lemert (1950) focused on society’s reaction to deviance. Lemert said that labeling or categorizing of people occurs with the mentally ill, drug abusers and the disabled. ~Lemert, in 1951, came up with primary deviance and secondary deviance . Primary deviance is an offender’s initial act of deviance (not very important),
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CCJS105 Exam 3 Review - CCJS105 Federique Exam 3 Review...

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