4-8-10 Differential Association & Labeling

4-8-10 Differential Association & Labeling - CCJS 105...

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Unformatted text preview: CCJS 105 CCJS 105 Introduction of Criminology Nadine Frederique, PhD Candidate Social Process Theories Social Process Theories Social Process theories ­ describe the process of interaction between individuals and society Social Process Theories Social Process Theories Propositions of Social Process Theories: Everyone has potential to violate law Criminality is not biological or psychological Family, peers, and work contribution to Criminal behavior is learned thru socialization socialization Social Process Theories Social Process Theories Social Process Theories Differential Association Labeling Social Learning – (read in your book pg. 297) Differential Association Theory Differential Association Theory Introduction FBI’s UCR reports started 1920’s – 30’s The Great Depression Prohibition and the criminalization of drug use. Differential Association Theory Differential Association Theory Edwin H. Sutherland Phd from Chicago School Social structure and social disorganization are the underlying causes of crime Social Class important Differential Association Theory Differential Association Theory Differential Association – Edwin Sutherland (1939) Criminal behavior is learned Content of communication is important Crime is same as any other learned behavior Differential Association Theory Differential Association Theory Propositions of Differential Association 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Criminal behavior (CB) is learned CB learned through interaction with other people Learning happens in intimate personal group Learning includes techniques & motivations Learn definitions of the legal code Differential Association Theory Differential Association Theory Propositions (cont’d) 6. Delinquents have excess of definitions favorable to law violation 7. Differential associations vary in frequency, duration, priority and intensity 8. Learning criminal behavior same as learning other behaviors 9. CB expression of needs and values, not an expression of them Differential Association Theory Differential Association Theory Definitions Favorable Fair Play Forgive and Forget Good always wins Give others a chance Definitions Unfavorable Cheating & Shortcuts are OK I don’t get mad, I get even Sometimes evil wins Take advantage of suckers Differential Association Theory Differential Association Theory Sutherland’s theory has 2 basic elements Content – what is learned: Process – techniques motivations rationalizations attitudes How it is learned: involves association with other people in intimate personal groups. Differential Association Theory Differential Association Theory Research on Differential Association Adolescents commit crime in groups Subcultures Lack of supervision Learning cultural goals White collar crime Pursuing those goals through illegal means Differential Association Theory Differential Association Theory Critiques of DAT Which came first – delinquency or delinquent friends? Delinquent Friends – people learn crime from delinquent peer groups Delinquency – youth who are already delinquent hang out together to commit delinquent acts ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course CCJS 105 taught by Professor Mcgoin during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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