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Unformatted text preview: CCJS 105 CCJS 105 Introduction to Criminology
Nadine Frederique, PhD Candidate Conflict Theories Conflict Theories Introduction
Focus on the political nature of crime and examine the creation and application of the law Less about the individual, more about group politics Conflict Theories Conflict Theories Fundamental Assumption of Conflict Theories: societies are more appropriately characterized by conflict among groups rather than consensus Conflict Theories Conflict Theories Propositions of Conflict Theory
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Conflict is a fact of life Resources are scarce & in demand Control of resources creates power Once in power, groups seek to retain power Laws reflect power and interests of the dominate group Laws are used to control less powerful groups Roots of Conflict Theories Roots of Conflict Theories Karl Marx (18181883) –wanted to explain the social changes that happened as a result of the industrial revolution. Roots of Conflict Theories Roots of Conflict Theories Karl Marx (18181883)
Two Classes in Society:
power Proletariat – “working class” mass of people those who are uneducated and without Bourgeoisie – the capitalists, the wealthy owners of the means of production (ex. Factories, businesses, land, and natural resources). Roots of Conflict Theories Roots of Conflict Theories Karl Marx (18181883) Theory of Capitalist Society People are productive Capitalism – a structure that erects barriers between an individual and the production process Alienation – the breakdown of the interconnection between people and between people and what they produce. Roots of Conflict Theories Roots of Conflict Theories Radical position in criminology ranges from perspectives of political anarchy through Marxism and economic materialism. The most current forms of radical versions of conflict theory can be traced to the writings of Karl Marx. Conflict Theories Conflict Theories Types of Conflict Theories
Marxist Criminology Left Realism Anarchist Criminology Feminist Criminology Feminist Criminology Feminist Criminology Feminist Criminology Feminist Theory applied to crime These theories argue that conflict in society is based on inequalities due to gender More important for the way it challenges existing criminology than for the new theories it offers. Feminist Criminology Feminist Criminology Feminist Criminology
Views gender in terms of power relationships Patriarchy Male dominance is central to Western Society Set of social relations of power in which males demand labor of females and control their sexuality Feminist Criminology Feminist Criminology Feminist Criminology
Explains male offending Critique of traditional theories
Theories that did explain female offending relied on stereotypical explanations Unable to explain that men commit vast majority of crime None of the theories discuss new roles for women in society Feminist Criminology Feminist Criminology Freda Adler’s Sisters in Crime (1975)
Women are trained to believe in personal Examining offending between women & men limitations = lowered aspirations Women’s Liberation more aggressive women Gender equality increased crime rates in women Feminist Criminology Feminist Criminology Why are women’s crime rates so low?
Variations in socialization
Women are socialized to conformity Surveillance & Supervision Women are more directly controlled than men Conflict Theories Conflict Theories Policy Implications of Conflict Theories Lynch and Groves (1989) Reforming the bail system to provide equal justice to incarcerated individuals Abolishing mandatory sentences Prosecuting corporate crimes Promoting community alternatives to imprisonment Reduce prison overcrowding ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course CCJS 105 taught by Professor Mcgoin during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.
- Spring '08