5-11-10 Final Exam Review

5-11-10 Final Exam Review - CCJS 105 CCJS 105 Introduction...

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Unformatted text preview: CCJS 105 CCJS 105 Introduction to Criminology Nadine Frederique Final Exam Review Final Exam Review 50 questions, multiple choice Exam is not cumulative Covers the last 1/3 of class material Lecture notes (40 questions) Textbook Ch. 9­10 (10 questions) Bring a pencil & an eraser CI – Social Process & Social Conflict doors Final Exam Review Final Exam Review Tips for studying READ THE TEXTBOK! Study in groups – it helps to talk it out Pay attention to the main words, highlighted points Know the difference between the different categories of theories we talked about Social Process Social Development Conflict Theories Final Exam Review Final Exam Review Tips for studying Know the definitions of the terms on the review sheet Be able to identify which theorists belong to which theories from the review sheet Final Exam Review Final Exam Review Open up to the class Any questions about the material we have covered? Review Questions Review Questions Lemert suggests that which of the following individuals would be best able to overcome the influences of labeling? Inner­city youth Minorities Females Individuals with a strong self­concept Social process theories do not view Social process theories do not view criminality as an innate human characteristic. Instead, criminal behavior is learned. This learning process is called the socialization process. True False Important groups that contribute to the Important groups that contribute to the process of socialization are: family peers work groups all of the above Of the different types of social process Of the different types of social process theories, the one that is also known as "societal reaction theory" points to the special significance of society's response to the criminal. social learning theory social control theory labeling theory reintegrative shaming Focus on the strength of the bonds that people Focus on the strength of the bonds that people share with institutions and individuals around them, especially as those relationships shape their behavior, represents which of the following theoretical approaches? Dramaturgy reintegrative shaming social learning theory social control theory This proposition is considered by some to be This proposition is considered by some to be the most important proposition of Differential Association theory: criminal behavior is learned the principal part of the learning of criminal behavior occurs within intimate personal groups a person becomes delinquent because of an excess of definitions favorable to law violation over definitions unfavorable to law violation differential associations may vary in frequency, duration, priority, and intensity Social Control Theory was originally put Social Control Theory was originally put forth by this individual in the publication of his book in 1969 entitled Causes of Delinquency. Daniel Glaser Walter C. Reckless Travis Hirschi Edwin Lemert According to social control theory, there are four elements According to social control theory, there are four elements that make up the bond individuals have with society. Which one of the elements reflects the idea that the person invests time, energy, himself, in behaviors such as getting an education, building up a business, or acquiring a reputation for virtue. This element assumes that the organization of society is such that the interests of most persons would be endangered if they were to engage in criminal acts. attachment commitment involvement belief This theoretical approach views crime as This theoretical approach views crime as the product of class struggle and emphasizes the nature of existing power relationships between social groups. consensus perspective social structure perspective social conflict perspective social development perspective This individual wrote about the conflicts This individual wrote about the conflicts inherent in capitalism and identified two fundamental classes in any capitalist society, the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. Erving Goffman Karl Marx Willem Bonger Roscoe Pound According to Karl Marx, in a capitalist society According to Karl Marx, in a capitalist society this group encompasses the large mass of people who are relatively uneducated and without power and consist of the workers of society. middle class bourgeoisie proletariat structured class Conflict theory is often viewed as an Conflict theory is often viewed as an extension of which theory? Rational choice Structuration theory Labeling theory Opportunity theory Which of the following best reflects the Which of the following best reflects the primary purpose of law, according to conflict theorists? Maintain the power held by the elite class Provide job opportunities Keep citizens safe Generate tax money Which of the following, according to Which of the following, according to Marx, is viewed as a sponsor of the power given to elites? Socialized communism Communism Socialism Capitalism Jeffery Reiman noted that as wealthy Jeffery Reiman noted that as wealthy individuals in society get wealthier, the poor in turn get which of the following? Deported Prison more opportunities for employment better opportunities for education Discussion Questions Discussion Questions What do Sampson & Laub mean when they say there is continuity and change in criminal behavior? How do social development theorists study criminal behavior? What do feminist criminologists say about traditional criminological explanations for criminal behavior? ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course CCJS 105 taught by Professor Mcgoin during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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