Exam 1 Study Guide 2

Exam 1 Study Guide 2 - Barnlund meaning centered philosophy...

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Barnlund – meaning centered philosophy of communication Says that comm should have three elemtns which are explanation of the aim of comm., explanation of the process of comm., and moral standard of comm. Behavior Barnlund critiques two aims of comm. Which are message centered and speaker- centered Message centered says that the aim is to transmit information -Success depends on mastery of facts, effective arrangement, and strength of expression -Problems are that it ignores the listener, fails to account for how meaning arises, and ignores public, continuous discourse Speaker centered says that the aim is to transfer ideas from one person to another -Success depends on content and phrasing plus intelligence and credibility of the source -Problems include regards listeners as passive, fails to account for how meaning arises, and ignores “man’s communication with himself” Stresses creation and meaning Barnlund assumes that meanings are never transmitted, which causes his focus on creations Insists that meanings are created within individuals who are exposed to messages and stimuli “Communication is man’s attempt to cope with his experience, his mood, his emerging needs. For every person it is a unique act of creation involving dissimilar materials” – explanation of Barnlund’s view of creation Meaning is the assignment of significance to sensations Born in to a world without meaning, we then assign significance by experiencing and thus we are our own curator’s because we create the meaning by assigning such significance Barnlund says that the aim of communication is to “increase the number and consistency of our meanings within the limits set by patterns of evaluation that have proven successful in the past, our emerging needs and drives, and the demands of the physical and social setting of the moment” Barnlund’s definition: “communication occurs whenever meaning is assigned to internal or external stimuli” – divides comm. In to consummatory and instrumental Consummatory is creating meaning based on indiv. Reflections such as contemplating a dream or waiting alone outside an operating room Instrumental is creating meaning based on linguistic (or symbolic) interaction – alters attitudes and actions Says that communication is a process where sender, message, and receiver do not remain constant through the entire act of comm. Comm. is circular – simultaneous feedback of exchange of roles, Comm. is complex – involves many variables, Comm. is irreversible and unrepeatable – cannot be erased, and Comm. involves total personality – entire organism is involved
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According to Barnlund, any Comm. that interferes with aim of comm. is immoral – 3 categories of coercive, exploitative, and facilitative Coercive is comm. that constrains to one possibility by threat, exploitative is comm. where meaning is narrowed so only one view seems appropriate, and
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course COMM 250 taught by Professor Gaines during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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Exam 1 Study Guide 2 - Barnlund meaning centered philosophy...

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