88_midterm_review_guide_f09

88_midterm_review_guide_f09 - 9/29 Ways of Knowing Some...

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9/29 Ways of Knowing Some “thruths” – how do you know? It’s not raining outside, vegetables are good for you - Research done by people, 5 senses Also known as Epistemology = study of knowing Some everyday ways of knowing *Methad of tradition/tenacity Example: Christmas – passed down thru family *Method of authority -mother, gov’t, reporters, agencies -> what if source is wrong *Method of Intuition/logic -common sense -“platonic idealism” – use rational though + others logic *Method of experience/observation -see it to belive it, 5 senses *personal experience *Baconian empiricism -> need to test things, make observations many times Problems with “everyday” ways of knowing *illogical reasoning *inaccurate observation *overgeneralization *selective observation – what r brains decide to notice Everyday ways of knowing can even lead to conflicting ideas about “truth” Example: long-distance relationships Absence makes the heart grow fonder…or…Out of sight, out of mind 10/8 Types of Hypotheses and RQ’s *Hyps and Research Questions can be causal (state causal relationships/connections) Or just relation (state mere associations between variables) Recall From Social Cognitive Theory:
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88_midterm_review_guide_f09 - 9/29 Ways of Knowing Some...

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