feb_28.docx - Last Time-sugar has a long history-similar to...

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Last Time--sugar has a long history--similar to tea in some respects (medicinal, for elites, for show)--quest for profit drives expansion of European sugar production--plantations in Atlantic as transformers (land and bound labour)I. Last Lecture, ConcludedA. OriginsColumbus in 1490 brought sugar cane, first “American” Sugar, planted in Hispaniola (Haiti)--Portuguese Brazil, 1500--Sugar Plantations 1530s on, Brazil; small scale, expanding information and plantationsBahia, Pernambuco; key sugar areasTupi (indigenous peoples in early sugar-planting regions of Brazil); persuaded and forced to workOriganally seen as slaves, but were eventually seen as part of the Portugese; better treamentB. Conversion to African Slavery, late 1500s-early 1600s1650; transition to Africa slave labour in brazil was complete; rise of Brazilian sugar plantationsSlave trade began as a small, gradual trade; traders who occasionally took a few people with themBy the time Brazil rose, there was a huge path dependency of slaverySlavery instead of better pay; didn’t want to give up profit, and Europeans didn’t want to moveCould have chosen criminals, or other EuropeanInstead, they were driven down a road where they did not have to pay attention to the rights of people who were working C.Why African Slavery?; no easy answers, product of thousands of decisions that built up in timeEconomic Explanations? European expanding market of products enticed investors with profitLed to them investing into slavery for profitCultural Explanations? Didn’t recognize Africans as having rights like them, could exploit themSaw Europeans as having rights; cannot over work them; limits

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