feb_26.docx - I Tea Concluded A The Tea Revolution in India...

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I. Tea, ConcludedA. The Tea Revolution in IndiaTransition of tea into India by British; rise of plantationsTrying to bring tea under British controlBrings India labourers from around the country --infrastructure building; mid 19thcenturyGoal to connect tea to markets through railroads, as well as connect labour --Indian Tea Association; trying to organize this flow of people in and goods outSend Labour agents out into the cities and villages to invite people to work in teaB. Indentured LabourWork for years (1-5) for a cash payment that seemed enticingStarted with adult men, but then moved to convincing whole familiesThis allowed support and less homesicknessRealities; hard to work in tea (long hours, uncomfortable physical labour)Immobilizing and isolating labour; encourage people to grow their own food (makes it difficult toleave plot you put labour into)--work supervision; intense and high demands; puts people at risk (like slavery)--restricted movement; couldn’t leave plantation, or could be tracked and forced to work againSystem to keep people in; security, fences, etc.--controlling pay (creating debt/dependency)Wages subtracted for violations or not working hard enough, company stores with high prices

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