feb_12.docx - Introduction Long story in China Neighbouring...

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Introduction Long story in China Neighbouring places; early 1000’s Limited supply by land; elite product Western Europeans encountered tea only after mastering ocean transportation Ocean-going activity as piecemeal and merchant-driven; not colonization, step by step process. Treaties of Tordesillas (1494) and Saragossa/Zaragoza (1529) Designated “findings” as Portuguese or Castilian (Spanish); define spheres on influence Kept from conflict between the two nations Chinese Ocean-Going Trade (Zheng He’s Expeditions, 1405-33); emperor stopping them essentially changed the world compass (first used in China, entered Islamic and meddeitarian world before spreading to Europe, 1100-1200’s; navigation not until 1300-1400’s) and lateen sail (European invention) Ocean-Going Europeans (concluded) Portuguese dominated ocean trade in 1500 via treaty rights; trade communities established for many different commodities. --Portuguese trade with China; 1550’s; close to Canton/Guangzhou called Macau; people live there year-round; sustainable. --Dutch Incursions on Portuguese Claims Portuguese’s have a century of monopoly access to east Africa Dutch (under control of Holy Roman Empire; broke away from them in 1560’s; strong connection to protestant reformation); 1580’s; we can do what we want Dutch/Netherlands (main European center for finace) first to challenge their power. Move on brazil in 1580’s; briefly succeed in early 16oo’s; move into Asia --Dutch East India Company ( Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie , VOC ); 1602

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