Communities & Crime

Communities & Crime - CJ280finalreview...

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07/06/2010 06:39:00 1. Defensible space theory: idea that crime can be controlled through environmental design Defined space creating territorial attitudes Natural surveillance Build to avoid vulnerabilities Develop away from threatening areas -Cities with similar demographics have different social structures, more detailed explanation needed for involvement of social factors in defending space -Crime rates would be lower if effectively protected Factors that account for failure: Physical design/ features of social organization stop sequence of decisions o Must notice emergency o Interpret as emergency o Decide on form of assistance o Hot to implement intervention Features of design prevent easy surveillance, contributes to crime and sense of danger Feature only effective if crime observed o Rarely intervene o Inability to distinguish between other ethnic groups and cultural norms and deviant behavior Don’t report because of fear of crime or retaliation Less likely to intervene if strangers as opposed to friends Intervention depends on sense of responsibility and control, involvement in the neighborhood, access to effective modes of intervention Social variables (heterogeneity) lead to lack of social interaction cause confusion over group norms and predict chance/level of intervention 2. Human territorial functioning: interlocked system of sentiments, cognitions and behaviors that are highly place-specific and socially and culturally determined and maintaining In crime context only relevant to limited locations such as street blocks and areas of smaller scale
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Communities & Crime - CJ280finalreview...

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