Sociology 101

Sociology 101 - Sociology 101 Barry McClinchey Sociology:...

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Sociology 101 – Barry McClinchey Sociology: the study of everything people do Major areas of inquiry - Social theory - Social satisfaction & class - Mass media - Culture - Global stratification - Socialization - Race & ethnic relations - Groups & organizations - Sex & gender - Crime & deviance - religion Charles Wright Mills - The sociological imagination o Developing an appreciation of how individual challenges are influenced by larger social forces. Peter Berger - Seeing the general in the publication (looking deeper at why something happens) - Think about what is familiar . Engaging your social imagination - o Minority status o Gender o Socioeconomic status o Family structure o Urban – rural difference How have factors such as these affected the person you have become today? Positivism and Anti-positivism - Positivism o These exist an objective inevitable reality o Singular explanation o Value- free
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- Anti-positivism o Rejects each of the positive assumption Macro & micro approaches - Macrosociology refers to attempting to understand society as a whole - Marx and Durkheim - Microsociology refers to attempting to understand society as an individual or small group dynamics - Classical Social Theories - Functionalism (traditional) (organizations work the way they are supposed to) - Symbolic interactionism (micro sociologists) (how people create their own society) - Conflict (macro, and traditional Marx) (society is not operating the way it is) “Seeing” the world theoretically - Theory is a statement that tries to explain how facts or events are related - Develop skills necessary to see the world from alternative perspectives - Each theorist offers unique insights into our social world - Objective vs. subjective reality - Epistemology , “ways of knowing” Thomas Hobbes - People are responsible for creating social worlds
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2011 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Barrym during the Winter '09 term at Waterloo.

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Sociology 101 - Sociology 101 Barry McClinchey Sociology:...

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