GGR 271 Lec 1 - GGR 271 Social Research Methods Week 1...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: GGR 271: Social Research Methods Week 1 - Introduction Professor Lindsay Stephens style Click to edit Master subtitle Office Hours: Mon 2-4 Rm 5061, Sidney Smith Hall [email protected] 1/27/11 11 Outline for Today • • Our collective research experience The course syllabus and learning expectations The structure of the course The importance of social research The context of social research Introduction to the framing paradigms in social research 1/27/11 22 • • • • Research Experience (Me) 2) Children’s geographies 3) The impact of therapeutic clowns 1) Politics of embodiment in the circus 1/27/11 4) The environments of kids with disabilities 33 Research Experience (You) • • Worked as a Research Assistant? Conducted a research project in school? Were influenced by research you read about? Other stuff? • • 1/27/11 44 Course Objectives: • To understand the elements of social research To critically engage with social research To be able to design a simple social research project 1/27/11 55 • • • Course communication – Please use e-mail judiciously please visit me during my office hours and I will be happy to discuss your question in greater depth. At times I may send important class email, you are responsible for having a valid UofT e-mail address and for checking it regularly. Blackboard: This course has a Blackboard site where PowerPoint Slides 66 – – – 1/27/11 • Assignments: – Assignments should be submitted in class. There will be a late penalty of five (5) percentage points (of assignment grade) deducted for each weekday (weekends count as one day) on all late assignments. Extensions will be granted sparingly in the case of illness, and you must present a medical certificate completed by a health care professional. You should also complete the Absence Declaration on ROSI and provide a print out of that 77 – 1/27/11 • Resources: – Accessibility: Students with diverse learning styles and needs are welcome in this course. In particular, if you have a disability or health consideration that may require accommodations, please feel free to approach me and/or the Accessibility Services Office as soon as possible. Writing: Clear writing and communicating is an essential part of social research, you 88 – 1/27/11 Texts: 1) Bryman, Alan, and Teevan, James. 2009. Social Research Methods: Second Canadian Edition. Toronto: Oxford University Press. (Available at the University of Toronto 1/27/11 bookstore) 99 Evaluation • 40 %—2 Take-Home Exercises (20 %Each) Assignment 1: due Feb 7 Assignment 2: due April 4 • • 25 %—Midterm Quiz (February 28) 35 %—Final Exam (TBA) *Test and essay questions will be drawn from 1/27/11 1010 In the Classroom 1/27/11 1111 In the Classroom 1/27/11 1212 Structure of the Course • PART 1: INTRO TO SOCIAL RESEARCH: THEORY, CONTEXT, DESIGN AND VAILDITY PART 2: METHODS AND PRACTICE Lectures 5-10, Feb 7-March 21 * Assignment 1 Due Feb 7th * Mid term Exam Feb 28th Lectures 1-4, January 10-31 • PART 3: ANALYSIS AND WHERE TO GO NEXT Lectures 11-12, March 28 – • April 4th *Assignment 1/27/11 2 Due April 4th 1313 Why is Social Research Important? • Understanding and Explaining the Social World Social research is implicated in almost everything we do Social research can observe and comment on the world, or attempt to influence and change the world • • 1/27/11 1414 Who Does Social Research? • Government researchers and statistical agencies – City; province; federal; Stats Canada; public agencies • • • • Private sector consultancies Companies/industry Think tanks Research Institutes 1/27/11 1515 Who Funds Social Research? 1/27/11 1616 Influences on Social Research Who conducts and funds social research affects: – Values Practical Considerations Politics Theory, Epistemology, and 1717 – – Social research is also affected by … – – 1/27/11 Theory • An explanation of observed regularities or patterns Definitions statements 1/27/11 Descriptions Relational -Deterministic 1818 -Probabilistic Theory and Research Deductive Theo ry Observati ons Theo ry Resear ch Inductive Observati ons Theor y 1/27/11 Revised Theory 1919 Epistemology: Theory of Knowledge – What can be known, what is valid knowledge? How can knowledge be acquired and who can obtain/create it? – Ontology: Study of Being or 1/27/11 2020 Positivism and its discontents… Positivism… • Assumes Realism Emphasizes empiricism Claims Science must (and can) be Objective and value free • • 1/27/11 2121 Realism The world is inherently knowable and we can all agree on the nature of reality. • Reality exists independently of our perception of it • Underlying structural mechanisms • Unobservable processes and connections • Knowledge of the social world affects behaviour – but knowledge is partial Critical realism – Rejects Naive realism, recognizes that perception influences our ability to know things. 1/27/11 2 – Theory must trace origins of social 222 processes, Empiricism • Knowing through the senses (usually sight and sound) Can only gain knowledge from observation • Facts about the social world can be gathered independently of people’s interpretation Note on terminology: • • Empiricism - school of Atheoretical - data thought Empirical - collection of 1/27/11 data is an end in itself 2323 Objectivity Defines a relationship of distance between the object of study and the researcher Currently means to be value free, or free from subjective or personal interference Interesting to note that this term has meant different t1/27/11 through history hings 2424 Interpretivism or newer developments in social Grasp the meaning of a subjects action, Acknowledge and deal with subjectivity – locate the self in research These new paradigms include, naturalism, social constructivism, symbolic interactionism, critical perspectives like feminist, antiracist and queer research, and participatory and 1/27/11 2525 action research. Qualitative: a set of data-gathering techniques, means of analysis, and modes of thinking that shun the emphasis on quantification, a strict distinction between the observer and observed, and overzealous generalization. Quantitative: those that seek to create generalizations about the social universe through numerical 1/27/11 2626 False Duality or Fundamentally Opposed? Quantitati ve Qualitati ve Much research today is a mixture of both, but some still argue that there are deep divisions in how these research approaches view the world. 1/27/11 2727 Good Quality Research • • • • • • Appropriateness Relevance Feasibility Accuracy Reliability Objectivity and/or awareness of perspective Validity (external, internal) 1/27/11 2828 • Collectively we have valuable research experience to draw on To Summarize… I’m going to do my best to encourage a participatory learning environment (and I hope you will help me) Social research informs almost everything we do and will be one of the most valuable skills you take from university Social research is influenced by pragmatic concerns like funding, and philosophical concerns like how we understand knowledge and our relationship with the world We will get comfortable with all these issues and learn 1/27/11 how to critically engage with and9ultimately 2 29 ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 01/26/2011 for the course GGR 271 taught by Professor Lindsaystephens during the Winter '10 term at University of Toronto.

Page1 / 29

GGR 271 Lec 1 - GGR 271 Social Research Methods Week 1...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online